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Domestication of Plants in the Old World: The origin and spread of domesticated plants in Southwest Asia, Europe, and the Mediterranean Basin
1. Current state of the art 2. Sources of evidence for the origin and spread of domesticated plants 3. Cereals 4. Pulses 5. Oil and fibre producing crops 6. Fruit trees and nuts 7. Vegetables and…
Autonomous Cultivation Before Domestication
Early Near Eastern crop cultivation was a trial-and-error process. Some crops continued until full domestication, while others were abandoned and later adopted independently by distant societies.
The broad spectrum revisited: evidence from plant remains.
- Ehud Weiss, W. Wetterstrom, D. Nadel, O. Bar‐Yosef
- Biology, MedicineProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 29 June 2004
A collection of >90,000 plant remains, recently recovered from the Stone Age site Ohalo II (23,000 B.P.), Israel, offers insights into the plant foods of the late Upper Paleolithic, indicating that the BSR in the Levant was even broader than originally conceived.
Processing of wild cereal grains in the Upper Palaeolithic revealed by starch grain analysis
The earliest direct evidence for human processing of grass seeds, including barley and possibly wheat, in the form of starch grains recovered from a ground stone artefact from the Upper Palaeolithic site of Ohalo II in Israel is reported.
Small-grained wild grasses as staple food at the 23 000-year-old site of Ohalo II, Israel
More than 16 000 grains of small-grained grasses were retrieved at Ohalo II, a submerged 23 000-year-old site on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, Israel. The grains were part of a very large…
The Origin of Cultivation and Proto-Weeds, Long Before Neolithic Farming
This collection provides the earliest evidence of a human-disturbed environment—at least 11 millennia before the onset of agriculture—that provided the conditions for the development of "proto-weeds", a prerequisite for weed evolution.
Judah, Philistia, and the Mediterranean World: Reconstructing the Economic System of the Seventh Century B.C.E.
The seventh century B.C.E. was a period of economic prosperity, for which several lines of evidence for trade and settlement expansion have been found along the coastal plain, in the Judaean desert…
Genomic analysis of 6,000-year-old cultivated grain illuminates the domestication history of barley
The genome sequences of five 6,000-year-old barley grains excavated at a cave in the Judean Desert showed the close affinity of ancient samples to extant landraces from the Southern Levant and Egypt, consistent with a proposed origin of domesticated barley in the Upper Jordan Valley.
The Neolithic Southwest Asian Founder Crops
The current and accumulated knowledge regarding each plant is presented and the new picture that emerged on the origin of agriculture is illustrated, to provide a critical assessment for recognizing domestication traits.