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The formation of well-ordered fibrillar protein deposits is common to a large group of amyloid-associated disorders. This group consists of several major human diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, prion diseases, and type II diabetes. Currently, there is no approved therapeutic agent directed towards the formation of fibrillar(More)
Tubular nanostructures are suggested to have a wide range of applications in nanotechnology. We report our observation of the self-assembly of a very short peptide, the Alzheimer's beta-amyloid diphenylalanine structural motif, into discrete and stiff nanotubes. Reduction of ionic silver within the nanotubes, followed by enzymatic degradation of the peptide(More)
Although natively unfolded proteins are being observed increasingly, their physiological role is not well understood. Here, we demonstrate that the Escherichia coli YefM protein is a natively unfolded antitoxin, lacking secondary structure even at low temperature or in the presence of a stabilizing agent. This conformation of the protein is suggested to(More)
The process of amyloid fibril formation by the human calcitonin hormone is associated with medullary thyroid carcinoma. Based on the effect of pH on the fibrillization of human calcitonin, the analysis of conformationally constrained analogues of the hormone, and our suggestion regarding the role of aromatic residues in the process of amyloid fibril(More)
Regulation of the phd/doc toxin-antitoxin operon involves the toxin Doc as co- or derepressor depending on the ratio between Phd and Doc, a phenomenon known as conditional cooperativity. The mechanism underlying this observed behavior is not understood. Here we show that monomeric Doc engages two Phd dimers on two unrelated binding sites. The binding of Doc(More)
A rationally designed oligomerization inhibitor interacts with early intermediate assemblies of amyloid-beta polypeptide (Abeta) through the aromatic elements and inhibits their assembly into the toxic oligomers that cause Alzheimer's disease by a unique C(alpha)-methylation beta-breakage strategy. The electrostatic potential of the low-energy conformation(More)
  • Ehud Gazit
  • FASEB journal : official publication of the…
  • 2002
Amyloid fibril formation is assumed to be the molecular basis for a variety of diseases of unrelated origin. Despite its fundamental clinical importance, the mechanism of amyloid formation is not fully understood. When we analyzed a variety of short functional fragments from unrelated amyloid-forming proteins, a remarkable occurrence of aromatic residues(More)
The formation of amyloid fibrils by the human islet amyloid polypeptide is associated with type II diabetes. While it was previously suggested that the formed fibrils are toxic to pancreatic beta-cells due to membrane permeation activity, more recent studies suggested that protofibrillar assemblies have significantly higher potency in permeating lipid(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of membrane insertion and the structural organization of pores formed by Bacillus thuringiensis d-endotoxin. We determined the relative affinities for membranes of peptides corresponding to the seven helices that compose the toxin pore-forming domain, their modes of membrane interaction, their structures(More)
The islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) is a 37 amino acid residue polypeptide that was found to accumulate as amyloid fibrils in the pancreas of individuals with type II diabetes. Previous studies identified various fragments of hIAPP that can form amyloid fibrils in vitro (e.g. hIAPP(8-20), hIAPP(23-27), and hIAPP(30-37)). However, no comparative and(More)