Ehud Baharav

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The ability of activated T lymphocytes to penetrate the extracellular matrix and migrate to target tissues was found to be related to expression of a heparanase enzyme (Naparstek, Y., I. R. Cohen, Z. Fuks, and I. Vlodavsky. 1984. Nature (Lond.). 310:241-243; Savion, N., Z. Fuks, and I. Vlodavsky. 1984. J. Cell. Physiol. 118:169-176; Fridman, R., O. Lider,(More)
Antidepressants have an antiproliferative effect in some cell lines. Depression may be associated with activation of some pro-inflammatory cytokines. Therefore, we evaluated the ex-vivo immunomodulatory effect of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in T cells. We found that the SSRIs, paroxetine and sertraline decreased T-cell viability with(More)
Probiotic bacteria have beneficial effects in infectious and inflammatory diseases, principally in bowel disorders. In the case of chronic progressive autoimmune arthritides, a major goal of treatment is to reduce inflammation. We hypothesized that probiotic bacteria would ameliorate inflammation found in arthritis models. To assess this effect, Lewis rats(More)
Antidepressants have been found to possess antiproliferative effect. In the immune system depression may activate pro-inflammatory cytokines. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the immunomodulatory activity of antidepressants in naïve rat. Rat splenocytes were activated with con A and treated with paroxetine, sertraline or clomipramine ex vivo.(More)
Vitiligo is considered an autoimmune disorder due to the generation and presence of autoantibodies directed against melanocyte antigens in the patients' sera. In the present study we point towards a newly defined autoantigen in vitiligo, the enzyme tyrosinase, which participates in the process of melanogenesis. Anti-tyrosinase antibodies were detected in(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies suggest that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) modulate immune system functionality. SSRIs are the preferred treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). A high rate of MDD is observed in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate immunological effects of SSRIs in a rat model of RA.(More)
The chemokine connective tissue-activating peptide (CTAP)-III, which belongs to the leukocyte-derived growth factor family of mediators, was previously shown to be mitogenic for fibroblasts. However, it has recently been shown that CTAP-III, released from platelets, can act like a heparanase enzyme and degrade heparan sulfate. This suggests that CTAP-III(More)
The anti-inflammatory effect of adenosine was previously found to be mediated via activation of the A3 adenosine receptor (A3AR). The aim of the present study was to decipher the molecular mechanism involved with the inhibitory effect of IB-MECA, an A3AR agonist, on adjuvant-induced arthritis. The adjuvant-induced arthritis rats responded to IB-MECA(More)
We previously reported that rats could be vaccinated against EAE by inoculation with 10(7) anti-basic protein (anti-BP)-activated T cells raised as long-term lines. The activated T lines were irradiated (1,500 rads) to prevent them from causing EAE. We now report that a single inoculation of 10(4) or fewer cells of an activated anti-BP T-cell line did not(More)
Previously we reported that activated T lymphocytes express a heparanase enzyme that degrades the heparan sulfate moiety of the proteoglycan of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Expression of the heparanase enzyme was found to be associated with the ability of activated T lymphocytes to penetrate blood vessel walls and accumulate in target organs. We recently(More)