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OBJECTIVES To assess the value of external shielding of the testis during pelvic radiotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS Nineteen patients, receiving radiotherapy to the pelvis with the lower border of the field at the obturator foramen, were randomly selected. A 5 half value layer cerrobent shield was positioned at the inferior border of the field. The dose(More)
The improvement in conformal radiotherapy techniques enables us to achieve steep dose gradients around the target which allows the delivery of higher doses to a tumor volume while maintaining the sparing of surrounding normal tissue. One of the reasons for this improvement was the implementation of intensity-modulated radio therapy (IMRT) by using linear(More)
Dosimetric properties of Virtual Wedge (VW) and physical wedge (PW) in 6 and 23 MV photon beams from a Siemens Primus linear accelerator, including wedge factors, depth doses, dose profiles, peripheral doses and surface doses, are compared. While there is a great difference in absolute values of wedge factors, VW factors (VWFs) and PW factors (PWFs) have a(More)
Purpose: To evaluate the agreement between measured and calculated doses for head and neck tumors using different gamma criteria and to establish quality assurance protocol for the delivery of IMRT in The National Cancer Institute in Cairo. Methods: The dose is calculated for 30 patients using CMS Treatment Planning System. The ionization chamber (0.6 cm 3(More)
AIM To compare the accuracy of radiotherapy set-up using an electronic portal imaging device (EPID) versus megavoltage cone beam computed tomography (MV-CBCT) in paediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS In total, 204 pairs of EPID and MV-CBCT were carried out for 72 patients in the first 3 treatment days and weekly thereafter. RESULTS For the whole(More)
INTRODUCTION There is a growing interest in the study of radiation-induced secondary cancer. The aim of this work is (i) to estimate the peripheral doses attributable to intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and mega-voltage cone beam computed tomography (MV-CBCT) for some organs at risk (OARs) which surround the target being treated (Nasopharynx) in(More)
Purpose: To compare target dose distribution and dose to normal tissue for brain tumors using intensity-modulated and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy. Methods and Materials: Twelve patients selected in the present study compared the dosimetry of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT)(More)
This work aimed at evaluating the performance of three different intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) treatment planning systems (TPSs)--KonRad, XiO and Prowess--for selected pediatric cases. For this study, 11 pediatric patients with different types of brain, orbit, head and neck cancer were selected. Clinical step-and-shoot IMRT treatment plans were(More)
AIMS To examine the potential role of magnetic resonance myelography (MRM) in defining the clinical target volume for the spinal field in craniospinal irradiation in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS Of the 42 patients for whom magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine was carried out, 12 patients had MRM. The width of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) with(More)
PURPOSE This study was aimed to study the effects oflow- and high-energy intensity-modulated (IMRT)photon beams on the planning of target volume and thecritical organs in cases of prostate cancer. METHODS Thirty plans were generated using either 6 MV or 15 MValone, and both 6 and 15 MV beams. For each plangenerated using suitable planning objectives and(More)