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Cell-to-cell interactions of human mesenchymal multipotent stromal cells (MMSC) and rat renal tubular cells (RTC) were explored under conditions of co-cultivation. We observed formation of different types of intercellular contacts, including so called tunneling nanotubes. These contacts were shown to be able to provide transfer of cell's contents, including(More)
Nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity are the most considerable side effects of aminoglycoside antibiotics, such as gentamicin that seriously limits its application in medicine. The major mechanism of negative effect of gentamicin on kidney cells involves damage of mitochondria and induction of an oxidative stress that causes cell death resulting in kidney(More)
Plastoquinone, a very effective electron carrier and antioxidant of chloroplasts, was conjugated with decyltriphenylphosphonium to obtain a cation easily penetrating through membranes. This cation, called SkQ1, is specifically targeted to mitochondria by electrophoresis in the electric field formed by the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The respiratory(More)
Oxidative stress-related renal pathologies apparently include rhabdomyolysis and ischemia/reperfusion phenomenon. These two pathologies were chosen for study in order to develop a proper strategy for protection of the kidney. Mitochondria were found to be a key player in these pathologies, being both the source and the target for excessive production of(More)
UNLABELLED The goal of the present study was to maximally alleviate the negative impact of stroke by increasing the therapeutic potency of injected mesenchymal multipotent stromal cells (MMSCs). To pursue this goal, the intercellular communications of MMSCs and neuronal cells were studied in vitro. As a result of cocultivation of MMSCs and rat cortical(More)
The goals of the study were: (1) to explore the communication between human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and rat cardiac myocytes resulting in differentiation of the stem cells and, (2) to evaluate the role of mitochondria in it. Light and fluorescence microscopy as well as scanning electron microscopy revealed that after co-cultivation, cells formed(More)
Mitochondria-targeted antioxidant 10-(6-plastoquinonyl)decyltriphenyl-phosphonium (SkQ1) as well as insulin and the inhibitor of glycogen-synthase kinase, Li(+) are shown to (i) protect renal tubular cells from an apoptotic death and (ii) diminish mitochondrial fission (the thread-grain transition) induced by ischemia/reoxygenation. However, SkQ1 and LiCl(More)
Reoxygenation following ischemia causes tissue oxidative stress. We studied the role of oxidative stress caused by kidney ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) on the mitochondria of renal tissue slices. I/R caused the mitochondria to be swollen, fragmented, and have lower membrane potential. The mitochondria generated more reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric(More)
Acute pyelonephritis is a potentially life-threatening infection of the upper urinary tract. Inflammatory response and the accompanying oxidative stress can contribute to kidney tissue damage, resulting in infection-induced intoxication that can become fatal in the absence of antibiotic therapy. Here, we show that pyelonephritis was associated with(More)
Rhabdomyolysis or crush syndrome is a pathology caused by muscle injury resulting in acute renal failure. The latest data give strong evidence that this syndrome caused by accumulation of muscle breakdown products in the blood stream is associated with oxidative stress with primary role of mitochondria. In order to evaluate the significance of oxidative(More)