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1. During maintained ankle extension with background torques ranging from 0 to 70 N.m, the ankle extensors were stretched by a 5 degree rotation of the ankle joint. Maximal stretch velocity was 170 degrees/s. Regression analysis of simultaneous measurements of total torque and needle and surface electromyograms (EMG) from the soleus and gastrocnemius(More)
The EMG response and the mechanical response to 2 degree stretch of the human anterior tibial muscle was studied during contractions ranging from 0% to 80% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC). The EMG response showed three distinct peaks M1, M2, and M3 with peak latencies of 59 ms, 86 ms, and 120 ms respectively. At low background torques M1 dominated(More)
1. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanical response to stretch in normal human ankle dorsiflexors at different levels of voluntary contraction. In an active muscle, the total mechanical response is the sum of the intrinsic response from the contractile apparatus, the response from passive tissues, and the reflex mediated response. Each of(More)
The size of soleus H-reflexes and short-latency stretch reflexes was measured at different levels of plantar flexion or co-contraction (simultaneous activation of dorsi- and plantar flexors) in seven healthy subjects. In four of seven subjects the short-latency stretch reflex was smaller during weak co-contraction than during isolated plantar flexion at(More)
The thin afferent nerves were tested quantitatively by determining the thresholds of warmth and pricking pain to argon laser stimulation and by measuring the brain potentials related to pricking pain. In 27 patients with electrophysiologically verified carpal tunnel syndrome these parameters were measured from fingers 3 and 5 on both hands. All patients had(More)
Digital stethoscopes offer new opportunities for computerized analysis of heart sounds. Segmentation of heart sound recordings into periods related to the first and second heart sound (S1 and S2) is fundamental in the analysis process. However, segmentation of heart sounds recorded with handheld stethoscopes in clinical environments is often complicated by(More)
The long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a genetic disorder, typically characterized by a prolonged QT interval in the ECG due to abnormal cardiac repolarization. LQTS may lead to syncopal episodes and sudden cardiac death. Various parameters based on T-wave morphology, as well as the QT interval itself have been shown to be useful discriminators, but no single ECG(More)
In this study, we have measured the passive, the intrinsic, and the reflex-mediated mechanical response to stretch of the ankle extensors and flexors in 13 spastic multiple sclerosis patients and 10 healthy control subjects. In the ankle flexors, the patients had no reflex-mediated stiffness. The passive stiffness was increased by 138% (95% confidence(More)
The size of the soleus Hoffmann reflex (H-reflex) was measured in six healthy human subjects before and after transmission in the common peroneal nerve (CPN) was blocked reversibly by local injection of lidocaine. It was found that the H-reflex at rest increased after the block. When the subjects attempted to perform a dorsiflexion while the CPN was blocked(More)
The passive tension resulting from dorsiflexion of the ankle was measured in relation to stretching in six handball players and six soccer players. Corresponding values of ankle angle and passive tension were measured by a strain gauge and a potentiometer connected to a pedal system. The passive tension versus ankle angle was measured before and 90 minutes(More)