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1. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanical response to stretch in normal human ankle dorsiflexors at different levels of voluntary contraction. In an active muscle, the total mechanical response is the sum of the intrinsic response from the contractile apparatus, the response from passive tissues, and the reflex mediated response. Each of(More)
1. During maintained ankle extension with background torques ranging from 0 to 70 N.m, the ankle extensors were stretched by a 5 degree rotation of the ankle joint. Maximal stretch velocity was 170 degrees/s. Regression analysis of simultaneous measurements of total torque and needle and surface electromyograms (EMG) from the soleus and gastrocnemius(More)
The EMG response and the mechanical response to 2 degree stretch of the human anterior tibial muscle was studied during contractions ranging from 0% to 80% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC). The EMG response showed three distinct peaks M1, M2, and M3 with peak latencies of 59 ms, 86 ms, and 120 ms respectively. At low background torques M1 dominated(More)
Digital stethoscopes offer new opportunities for computerized analysis of heart sounds. Segmentation of heart sound recordings into periods related to the first and second heart sound (S1 and S2) is fundamental in the analysis process. However, segmentation of heart sounds recorded with handheld stethoscopes in clinical environments is often complicated by(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of long-term intake of industrially produced trans fatty acids (TFA) and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) suggest opposite effects on cardiovascular disease risk. Common mechanisms of action are probable. OBJECTIVE To examine the effects on cardiovascular risk markers of dietary enrichment with TFA or n-3 PUFA. DESIGN(More)
To elucidate a possible antiarrhythmic effect of long-chained n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, heart rate variability was assessed in 52 patients with a previous myocardial infarction and left ventricular dysfunction. The content of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in platelets was closely associated with the patient's fish-consuming habits, and a(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) derived from fish may reduce the incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD). In addition, wine drinking is suggested to have a protective effect against cardiovascular death. METHODS AND RESULTS We included 291 patients referred for coronary angiography in whom ischemic heart disease was suspected(More)
In this study, we have measured the passive, the intrinsic, and the reflex-mediated mechanical response to stretch of the ankle extensors and flexors in 13 spastic multiple sclerosis patients and 10 healthy control subjects. In the ankle flexors, the patients had no reflex-mediated stiffness. The passive stiffness was increased by 138% (95% confidence(More)
The size of soleus H-reflexes and short-latency stretch reflexes was measured at different levels of plantar flexion or co-contraction (simultaneous activation of dorsi- and plantar flexors) in seven healthy subjects. In four of seven subjects the short-latency stretch reflex was smaller during weak co-contraction than during isolated plantar flexion at(More)