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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by synthesis of oligoclonal immunoglobulins and the presence of B-cell clonal expansions in the central nervous system (CNS). Because ectopic lymphoid tissue generated at sites of chronic inflammation is thought to be important in sustaining immunopathological processes, we have investigated whether structures(More)
In multiple sclerosis (MS), dendritic cells (DCs) recruited to the central nervous system (CNS) are thought to be involved in the regulation of autoimmune responses directed against myelin antigens. To better understand the role of DCs in CNS inflammation, we performed a detailed immunohistochemical analysis of DC maturation markers and of DC relationship(More)
The PTHrP/PTH1R signalling system induces calciotropic and myorelaxant effects on the vascular system and plays critical roles in the development of the cardiovascular system. In animal models, PTHrP exerts important effects on heart rate and contractility, particularly under ischemic conditions, while, in human hearts, the expression of PTHrP by(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) mediates angiogenesis and might also have a role in inflammation and immunity. We examined whether VEGF-A signaling has a role in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS Expression levels of VEGF-A, and its receptors VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2, were examined in samples from patients with IBD and(More)
Current treatments used in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) are partly effective in the early stages of the disease but display very limited benefits in patients affected by progressive MS. One possible explanation is that these therapies are unable to target the inflammatory component most active during the progressive phase of the disease, and compartmentalized(More)
Sonic hedgehog (Shh) is a morphogen-regulating crucial epithelial-mesenchymal interactions during embryonic development, but its signalling pathway is considered generally silent in post-natal life. In this study, we demonstrate that Shh is de novo expressed after injury and during regeneration of the adult skeletal muscle. Shh expression is followed by(More)
BACKGROUND Expression levels of CD133, a cancer stem cell marker, and of the α-subunit of the dystroglycan (α-DG) complex, have been previously reported to be altered in colorectal cancers. METHODS Expression levels of CD133 and α-DG were assessed by immunohistochemistry in a series of colon cancers and their prognostic significance was evaluated. (More)
Local gene transfer of the human Lim mineralization protein (LMP), a novel intracellular positive regulator of the osteoblast differentiation program, can induce efficient bone formation in rodents. To develop a clinically relevant gene therapy approach to facilitate bone healing, we have used primary dermal fibroblasts transduced ex vivo with Ad.LMP-3 and(More)
The regulatory functions of Rab proteins in membrane trafficking lie in their ability to perform as molecular switches that oscillate between a GTP- and a GDP-bound conformation. The role of tomato LeRab11a in secretion was analyzed in tobacco protoplasts. Green fluorescent protein (GFP)/red fluorescent protein (RFP)-tagged LeRab11a was localized at the(More)
OBJECTIVE Dystrophin, the missing or defective protein in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, is expressed not only in muscle cells but also in vascular endothelial cells (ECs). In this study, we assessed the effects of dystrophin deficiency on the angiogenic capacities of ECs. APPROACH AND RESULTS We isolated vascular ECs from mdx mice, the murine equivalent of(More)