Learn More
In the present study, we show that in human endothelial cells the tetraspanin CD63/lamp3 distributes predominantly to the internal membranes of multivesicular-multilamellar late endosomes, which contain the unique lipid lysobisphosphatidic acid. Some CD63/lamp3 is also present in Weibel-Palade bodies, the characteristic secretory organelle of these cells.(More)
High plasma levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1), the principal inhibitor of the fibrinolytic system, have been associated with thrombotic and arterial disease. To study PAI-1 expression in healthy and atherosclerotic human arteries, a detailed analysis was made by light and electron microscopy immunocytochemistry and by in situ(More)
The plasminogen activator (PA) system may participate in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis by modulating the turnover of intimal fibrin and extracellular matrix deposits and by contributing to intimal cell migration. We present an analysis of tissue-type PA (tPA) and urokinase-type PA (uPA) expression at three levels: mRNA by in situ hybridization,(More)
Plasma concentrations of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA), urokinase (u-PA), plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) and PAI-2 were studied in 53 patients with liver deficiency caused by chronic alcoholism (n = 40), viral hepatitis (n = 10) or malignant disease of the liver (n = 3) and compared to that of a control group (n = 20) of healthy(More)
The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease associated with arterial or venous thrombosis and/or recurrent fetal loss and is caused by pathogenic antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLA). The plasma protein β2-glycoprotein 1 (β2GP1) has been identified as a major target of aPLA associated with APS. Cell activation by aPLA appears to be a major(More)
Regulated secretion of EC (endothelial cell) vWF (von Willebrand factor) is part of the haemostatic response. It occurs in response to secretagogues that raise intracellular calcium or cAMP. Statins are cholesterol-lowering drugs used for the treatment of cardiovascular disease. We studied the effect of fluvastatin on regulated secretion of vWF from HUVEC(More)
Two forms of plasminogen activators inhibitor 2 (PAI-2) are synthesized by human and murine monocytes/macrophages: one accumulates in the cytosol, while the other is translocated into the endoplasmic reticulum, glycosylated and secreted. We show here that a single mRNA encodes both forms of PAI-2. Firstly, a single PIA-2 mRNA was detected by Northern blot(More)
To examine whether exercise-induced thrombin formation is accompanied by increased in vivo plasmin formation, we measured molecular markers and neoantigens of the hemostatic system in 10 male subjects (mean 29 yr. range 19-38) before, immediately after, and 2, 8, and 21 h after a triathlon lasting 128-163 min. Thrombin-antithrombin (TAT) complexes,(More)
We report the production, purification, characterization, and partial amino acid sequence of a plasminogen inhibitor (PA-I). The starting material is culture fluid from phorbol myristate 13-acetate-treated U-937 cells and the isolation steps consist of preparative isoelectric focusing followed by affinity chromatography on Cibacron Blue-Sepharose. PA-I(More)
BACKGROUND Toll-like receptors (TLR) recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns and are important mediators of the innate immune system. TLR1 and TLR6 are paralogs and located in tandem on the same chromosome in mammals. They form heterodimers with TLR2 and bind lipopeptide components of gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial cell walls. To(More)