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BACKGROUND RNA interference (RNAi) has the potential to be a novel therapeutic strategy in diverse areas of medicine. Here, we report on targeted RNAi for the treatment of heart failure, an important disorder in humans that results from multiple causes. Successful treatment of heart failure is demonstrated in a rat model of transaortic banding by RNAi(More)
The transcription factor GATA-4 protects cardiomyocytes against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. Here, we report the identification of Bcl2 as a direct target gene of GATA4 that may mediate the prosurvival function of GATA4 in cardiomyocytes. Bcl2 transcript and protein levels were reduced by doxorubicin in neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes (NRVC)(More)
  • Simon Sedej, Albrecht Schmidt, +14 authors Burkert Pieske
  • 2014
OBJECTIVES This study sought to explore whether subclinical alterations of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) release through cardiac ryanodine receptors (RyR2) aggravate cardiac remodeling in mice carrying a human RyR2(R4496C+/-) gain-of-function mutation in response to pressure overload. BACKGROUND RyR2 dysfunction causes increased diastolic SR Ca(2+)(More)
MicroRNAs are recently discovered regulators of gene expression and are becoming increasingly recognized as important regulators of heart function. Genome-wide profiling of microRNAs in human heart failure has not been reported previously. We measured expression of 428 microRNAs in 67 human left ventricular samples belonging to control (n = 10), ischemic(More)
An important event in the pathogenesis of heart failure is the development of pathological cardiac hypertrophy. In cultured cardiomyocytes, the transcription factor Gata4 is required for agonist-induced hypertrophy. We hypothesized that, in the intact organism, Gata4 is an important regulator of postnatal heart function and of the hypertrophic response of(More)
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) was considered a potential candidate for the treatment of heart failure. However, some animal studies and clinical trials have questioned whether elevating IGF1 chronically is beneficial. Secondary effects of increased serum IGF1 levels on other tissues may explain these unfavorable results. The aim of the current study(More)
Caspase-9 is a critical regulator of mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. We found that adult cardiac myocytes, but not nonmyocytes, have high caspase-9 expression, and exhibit relative resistance to caspase-9-induced cell death. Thus, we hypothesized that cardiac myocytes possess factors that resist apoptosis. Through a yeast two-hybrid screening of adult(More)
BACKGROUND Conditional gene inactivation in mice using the bacteriophage P1 Cre-loxP recombination system requires transgenic expression of Cre-recombinase driven by a tissue-specific or inducible promoter. METHODS AND RESULTS Using the cardiac alpha-myosin-heavy-chain promoter, the most commonly used myocardial-specific transgenic promoter, we created(More)
IMPORTANCE Low vitamin D status is linked to increased mortality and morbidity in patients who are critically ill. It is unknown if this association is causal. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether a vitamin D3 treatment regimen intended to restore and maintain normal vitamin D status over 6 months is of health benefit for patients in ICUs. DESIGN, SETTING,(More)
Myocardial contractility depends on temperature. We investigated the influence of mild hypothermia (37-31 degrees C) on isometric twitch force, sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-content and intracellular Ca2+-transients in ventricular muscle strips from human and porcine myocardium, and on in vivo hemodynamic parameters in pigs. In vitro experiments: muscle(More)