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BACKGROUND RNA interference (RNAi) has the potential to be a novel therapeutic strategy in diverse areas of medicine. Here, we report on targeted RNAi for the treatment of heart failure, an important disorder in humans that results from multiple causes. Successful treatment of heart failure is demonstrated in a rat model of transaortic banding by RNAi(More)
The transcription factor GATA-4 protects cardiomyocytes against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. Here, we report the identification of Bcl2 as a direct target gene of GATA4 that may mediate the prosurvival function of GATA4 in cardiomyocytes. Bcl2 transcript and protein levels were reduced by doxorubicin in neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes (NRVC)(More)
MicroRNAs are recently discovered regulators of gene expression and are becoming increasingly recognized as important regulators of heart function. Genome-wide profiling of microRNAs in human heart failure has not been reported previously. We measured expression of 428 microRNAs in 67 human left ventricular samples belonging to control (n = 10), ischemic(More)
An important event in the pathogenesis of heart failure is the development of pathological cardiac hypertrophy. In cultured cardiomyocytes, the transcription factor Gata4 is required for agonist-induced hypertrophy. We hypothesized that, in the intact organism, Gata4 is an important regulator of postnatal heart function and of the hypertrophic response of(More)
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) was considered a potential candidate for the treatment of heart failure. However, some animal studies and clinical trials have questioned whether elevating IGF1 chronically is beneficial. Secondary effects of increased serum IGF1 levels on other tissues may explain these unfavorable results. The aim of the current study(More)
BACKGROUND Conditional gene inactivation in mice using the bacteriophage P1 Cre-loxP recombination system requires transgenic expression of Cre-recombinase driven by a tissue-specific or inducible promoter. METHODS AND RESULTS Using the cardiac alpha-myosin-heavy-chain promoter, the most commonly used myocardial-specific transgenic promoter, we created(More)
Caspase-9 is a critical regulator of mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. We found that adult cardiac myocytes, but not nonmyocytes, have high caspase-9 expression, and exhibit relative resistance to caspase-9-induced cell death. Thus, we hypothesized that cardiac myocytes possess factors that resist apoptosis. Through a yeast two-hybrid screening of adult(More)
IMPORTANCE Low vitamin D status is linked to increased mortality and morbidity in patients who are critically ill. It is unknown if this association is causal. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether a vitamin D3 treatment regimen intended to restore and maintain normal vitamin D status over 6 months is of health benefit for patients in ICUs. DESIGN, SETTING,(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is commonly observed in conditions of increased hemodynamic or metabolic stress. This hypertrophy is not compensatory but rather reflects activation of maladaptive cellular processes that promote disease progression. Myocardial hypertrophy serves as a diagnostic and prognostic marker of cardiac remodeling, and underlying regulatory(More)
AIMS Insulin-dependent positive inotropic effects (PIE) are partially Ca(2+) independent. This mechanism is potentially glucose dependent. In contrast to most animal species, human myocardium expresses high levels of sodium-glucose-transporter-1 (SGLT-1) mRNA besides the common glucose-transporters-1 and -4 (GLUT1, GLUT4). METHODS AND RESULTS We used(More)