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BACKGROUND RNA interference (RNAi) has the potential to be a novel therapeutic strategy in diverse areas of medicine. Here, we report on targeted RNAi for the treatment of heart failure, an important disorder in humans that results from multiple causes. Successful treatment of heart failure is demonstrated in a rat model of transaortic banding by RNAi(More)
MicroRNAs are recently discovered regulators of gene expression and are becoming increasingly recognized as important regulators of heart function. Genome-wide profiling of microRNAs in human heart failure has not been reported previously. We measured expression of 428 microRNAs in 67 human left ventricular samples belonging to control (n = 10), ischemic(More)
Caspase-9 is a critical regulator of mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. We found that adult cardiac myocytes, but not nonmyocytes, have high caspase-9 expression, and exhibit relative resistance to caspase-9-induced cell death. Thus, we hypothesized that cardiac myocytes possess factors that resist apoptosis. Through a yeast two-hybrid screening of adult(More)
An important event in the pathogenesis of heart failure is the development of pathological cardiac hypertrophy. In cultured cardiomyocytes, the transcription factor Gata4 is required for agonist-induced hypertrophy. We hypothesized that, in the intact organism, Gata4 is an important regulator of postnatal heart function and of the hypertrophic response of(More)
IMPORTANCE Low vitamin D status is linked to increased mortality and morbidity in patients who are critically ill. It is unknown if this association is causal. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether a vitamin D3 treatment regimen intended to restore and maintain normal vitamin D status over 6 months is of health benefit for patients in ICUs. DESIGN, SETTING,(More)
Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) is an inner mitochondrial membrane proton carrier that uncouples ATP synthesis. The aim of this study was to determine whether UCP2 plays a role in survival of adult rat cardiac myocytes. We first studied the effects of UCP2 overexpression in vitro. Overexpression of UCP2 in primary cardiomyocytes led to a significant decline in(More)
BACKGROUND A hallmark of heart failure is impaired cytoplasmic Ca(2+) handling of cardiomyocytes. It remains unknown whether specific alterations in nuclear Ca(2+) handling via altered excitation-transcription coupling contribute to the development and progression of heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS Using tissue and isolated cardiomyocytes from(More)
MicroRNAs are recently discovered regulators of gene expression, and are becoming increasingly recognized as important regulators of heart function. Genome-wide profiling of microRNAs in human heart failure has not been reported previously. We measured expression of 428 microRNAs in 67 human left ventricular samples belonging to control (n=10), ischemic(More)
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