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—A wind-generator (WG) maximum-power-point-tracking (MPPT) system is presented, consisting of a high-efficiency buck-type dc/dc converter and a microcontroller-based control unit running the MPPT function. The advantages of the proposed MPPT method are that no knowledge of the WG optimal power characteristic or measurement of the wind speed is required and(More)
—Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) is used in photovoltaic (PV) systems to maximize the photovoltaic array output power, irrespective of the temperature and irradiation conditions and of the load electrical characteristics. A new MPPT system has been developed, consisting of a Buck-type dc/dc converter , which is controlled by a microcontroller-based(More)
Pulse width modulation (PWM) has been widely used in power converter control. Most high power level converters operate at switching frequencies up to 500 kHz, while operating frequencies in excess of 1 MHz at high power levels can be achieved using the planar transformer technology. The contribution of this paper is the development of a high-frequency PWM(More)
System latency (time delay) and its visible consequences are fundamental Virtual Environment (VE) deficiencies that can hamper user perception and performance. This paper presents an immersive simulation system which improves upon current latency measurement and minimization techniques. Hardware used for latency measurements and minimization is assembled(More)
In recent years, estimating the power output of inherently intermittent and potentially distributed renewable energy sources has become a major scientific and societal concern. In this paper, we provide an algorithmic framework, along with an interactive web-based tool, to enable short-to-middle term forecasts of photovoltaic (PV) systems and wind(More)
—This paper presents a new methodology for optimal design of transformerless photovoltaic (PV) inverters targeting a cost-effective deployment of grid-connected PV systems. The optimal switching frequency as well as the optimal values and types of the PV inverter components is calculated such that the PV inverter LCOE generated during the PV system lifetime(More)
A new method for the design of a bidirectional inverter based on the sinusoidal pulse-width modulation principle and the use of a low-cost and lightweight ferrite-core transformer is presented. The inverter is designed for either ohmic or inductive loads. In the case of inductive loads the reactive power is transferred back to the DC input power source(More)
Single-phase transformerless Photovoltaic (PV) inverters are synthesized by combining available solutions in terms of the power section topology, power semiconductors manufacturing technology and structure of the output filter. A design method is presented in this paper for optimizing the power semiconductors type (Si- or SiC-based), switching frequency and(More)
This paper presents an experimental methodology exploring the effect of tracking latency on object recognition after exposure to an immersive VE, in terms of both scene context and associated awareness states. System latency (time delay) and its visible consequences are fundamental Virtual Environment (VE) deficiencies that can hamper spatial awareness and(More)