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BACKGROUND It is well known by now that during open heart surgery many detrimental factors are involved in lung injury. The influence mainly of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), anesthesia, hypothermia, operation itself, as well as medication and transfusion, can cause a diffuse injury in the lungs, which most often leads to a postoperative pulmonary edema and(More)
BACKGROUND Although thymectomy is a standard practice of care in patients with myasthenia gravis, the best approach to thymic resection remains controversial. This study was conducted to assess the effect of maximal resection on neurologic outcome and identify predictors of disease remission. METHODS Data of 78 myasthenic patients who underwent modified(More)
Chylothorax is rare following blunt thoracic trauma; its diagnosis is usually delayed until the puncture or drainage of posttraumatic pleural effusion and its cause is not clear. Mostly, it is attributed to injury or overstretching of major thoracic duct by fractures or other injury of neighboring thoracic spine. We describe of two cases, one unilateral and(More)
Therapeutic angiogenesis is based on the premise that the development of new blood vessels can be augmented by exogenous administration of the appropriate growth factors. Over the last years, successful preclinical studies and promising results of early clinical trials have created great excitement about the potential of therapeutic angiogenesis for(More)
Preoperative medication by inhibitors of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) in coronary artery patients predisposes to vasoplegic shock early after coronary artery bypass grafting. Although in the majority of the cases this shock is mild, in some of them it appears as a situation, "intractable" to high-catecholamine dose medication. In this study we(More)
Superior sulcus tumors (SSTs), or as otherwise known Pancoast tumors, make up a clinically unique and challenging subset of non-small cell carcinoma of the lung (NSCLC). Although the outcome of patients with this disease has traditionally been poor, recent developments have contributed to a significant improvement in prognosis of SST patients. The(More)
BACKGROUND The decision to proceed to simple underwater seal drainage or apply active suction to the underwater seal after lung resection is mostly based on surgeon preference. The purpose of this study was to test whether routine application of active suction is necessary after lobectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a prospective randomized controlled(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hemodynamic effects of inhaled nitric oxide (NO) plus aerosolized iloprost in patients with pulmonary hypertension/right ventricular dysfunction after cardiac surgery. DESIGN A retrospective study. SETTING A single center. PARTICIPANTS Eight consecutive patients with valve disease and(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction may complicate the implantation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). We examined whether inhaled vasodilators can sufficiently reduce RV afterload, avoiding the need for temporary RV mechanical support. METHODS The study includes 7 patients with RV dysfunction after LVAD(More)
BACKGROUND Management of an adult patient with aortic coarctation and an associated cardiac pathology poses a great surgical challenge since there are no standard guidelines for the therapy of such complex pathology. Debate exists not only on which lesion should be corrected first, but also upon the type and timing of the procedure. Surgery can be one- or(More)