Efstathios Manios

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BACKGROUND Acute stroke is the third leading cause of death in western societies after ischemic heart disease and cancer. Although it is an emergency disease sharing the same atherosclerotic risk factors with ischemic heart disease, the association of renal function and stroke is poorly investigated. The present study aims at assessing renal function status(More)
The extent of target-organ damage has been positively associated with the magnitude of blood pressure (BP) variability in essential hypertension. However, the clinical implications of the rate of BP changes have never been investigated. We evaluated the association between the rate of systolic BP (SBP) variation derived from ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM)(More)
BACKGROUND Anticoagulation therapy remains largely underused in older people with atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this pilot trial was to investigate the effects of low-intensity adjusted-dose and fixed-dose coumadin on the incidence of arterial thromboembolism and bleeding, as well as the efficacy of anticoagulation monitoring in elderly AF patients.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Almost every fifth stroke occurs during sleep. Data about characteristics and etiology of stroke during sleep are conflicting. We investigated the association of the activity at stroke onset (onset during night sleep vs. onset while awake) with stroke subtypes of different etiology. METHODS A total of 1448 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Prehypertension has been recently introduced by JNC 7 as a new blood pressure (BP) category, associated with increased target-organ damage. Subclinical atherosclerosis by means of common artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT) has been incompletely investigated in prehypertensive patients. The aim of our study was to assess the extent(More)
Office blood pressure measurement has been the basis for hypertension evaluation for almost a century. However, the evaluation of blood pressure out of the office using ambulatory or self-home monitoring is now strongly recommended for the accurate diagnosis in many, if not all, cases with suspected hypertension. Moreover, there is evidence that the(More)
BACKGROUND The transient blood pressure (BP) rise during clinical visits is usually referred to as white-coat effect (WCE). The aim of the present study was to investigate factors that may influence the WCE. METHODS A total of 2004 subjects underwent office BP measurements and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) on the same day. The WCE was estimated as(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A new clinical construct termed embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS) was recently introduced, but no such population has been described yet. Our aim is to provide a detailed descriptive analysis of an ESUS population derived from a large prospective ischemic stroke registry using the proposed diagnostic criteria. METHODS The(More)
The management of blood pressure (BP) during the acute phase of stroke remains a matter of debate. The aim of the present study was to evaluate a possible association between long-term mortality and BP values in acute stroke by means of BP monitoring. We studied a consecutive series of 198 first-ever acute stroke patients. BP monitoring was initiated in all(More)
OBJECTIVES Blood pressure (BP) management in acute stroke remains a matter of little consensus. Data on BP changes during the first hours of ictus are lacking. We aimed to evaluate the early spontaneous time course of BP in different ischaemic stroke (IS) subtypes. METHODS Twenty-four h BP monitoring was performed in 200 first-ever hyper-acute IS(More)