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Authors/Task Force Members: Marco Roffi* (Chairperson) (Switzerland), Carlo Patrono * (Co-Chairperson) (Italy), Jean-Philippe Collet† (France), Christian Mueller† (Switzerland), Marco Valgimigli† (The Netherlands), Felicita Andreotti (Italy), Jeroen J. Bax (The Netherlands), Michael A. Borger (Germany), Carlos Brotons (Spain), Derek P. Chew (Australia),(More)
Ischemic postconditioning, a simple mechanical maneuver at the onset of reperfusion, reduces infarct size after ischemia/reperfusion. After its first description in 2003 by Zhao et al. numerous experimental studies have investigated this protective phenomenon. Whereas the underlying mechanisms and signal transduction are not yet understood in detail,(More)
AIM To investigate whether remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC) can attenuate the inflammatory response and enzyme leakage that can occur after uncomplicated routine percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS 41 consecutive normotensive patients with stable angina and single-vessel disease were assigned to be exposed to RIPC (n = 20) or not(More)
BACKGROUND Postconditioning with multiple very short coronary occlusions immediately after prolonged ischemia is a new endogenous mechanism for protection of the ischemic heart. We tested whether postconditioning is effective in limiting infarct size in hypercholesterolemic rabbits. METHODS Male rabbits were fed a cholesterol-enriched diet for 6 weeks.(More)
Thgoal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the antioxidant olive constituent, oleuropein, on infarct size, oxidative damage, and the metabolic profile in rabbits subjected to ischemia. Oleuropein, 10 or 20 mg/(kg x d), was administered to 8 groups that consumed a normal or hypercholesterolemic diet for 6 wk or only the higher dose for 3 wk.(More)
Redox signaling prior to a lethal ischemic insult is an important step in triggering the protected state in ischemic preconditioning. When the preconditioned heart is reperfused a second sequence of signal transduction events, the mediator pathway, occurs which is believed to inhibit mitochondrial permeability transition pore formation that normally(More)
Postconditioning in the early reperfusion period confers protection to the heart after a potentially lethal episode of prolonged ischemia. Protection from this novel intervention has been documented in rat, rabbit and canine hearts, but one group has reported that it is ineffective in pigs, a large-animal species that should be most relevant to humans. We(More)
Postconditioning (POC) reduces lethal reperfusion injury under normal conditions, but its effectiveness under certain pathological states is in dispute. In the present study, we sought to determine the effect of chronic simvastatin treatment in hyperlipidemic animals with or without POC. Anesthetized rabbits were randomized into eight groups, as follows,(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine and compare the role of the stress-activated protein kinases in ischemic and stretch-induced preconditioning. A model of anesthetized rabbits was used, and the preconditioning protocol included one or three cycles of short ischemia/reperfusion, or short mechanical stretch with acute pressure overload without or(More)
Summary. We have shown that isolated blood-perfused heat-stressed hearts are protected only when the blood donor animal has not been exposed to hyperthermia. Systematic hyperthermia results in larger infarction of both isolated control and heat-stressed hearts. In this study we investigated whether indomethacin inhibits in vivo the detrimental effect of(More)