Efstathios I. Boviatsis

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Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha is a transcription factor that promotes ischaemia-driven angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to determine the relation of HIF-1alpha to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF; an important angiogenic molecule in brain tumours), p53 expression, angiogenesis, proliferative potential and clinical outcome in a large(More)
Protein S-100B is an established serum marker of primary and secondary brain damage and stroke. A group of patients after mild head injury (MHI) develop post-concussion symptoms that interfere with the ability in the short-term to return to work or undertake certain activities. The aim of this study was to examine the correlation of serum S-100B with(More)
S-100B protein is a promising marker of injury severity and outcome after head injury. We examined the relationship between serum S-100B concentrations and injury severity, clinical course, survival, and treatment efficacy after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Prospective observational study in a neurosurgical intensive care unit. 102 adult patients(More)
We report the case of a 32-year-old female with a diagnosis of supratentorial tumour. Total removal of the tumour was achieved in a two-stage procedure. Histopathology revealed a primitive neuroectodermal tumour (PNET), an unusual and highly malignant, mainly infratentorial tumour of childhood that is uncommonly described in the supratentorial compartment(More)
Although NF-kappaB has been reported to be constitutively activated in various neoplasms, little information is available about its clinical significance in astrocytomas. In this study, we investigated the association of NF kappa B1/p50 and pI kappa Ba immunohistochemical expression with clinicopathologic features, vascular endothelial growth factor, Cox-2,(More)
AIMS To investigate the significance of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway in astrocytic tumours, published information in this context being limited, especially regarding phosphorylated 4E-binding protein (p-4E-BP) 1. METHODS AND RESULTS Paraffin-embedded tissue from 111 patients with astroglial tumours (grades II-IV) was investigated for(More)
Carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) is a transmembrane enzyme involved in the reversible metabolism of carbon dioxide to carbonic acid and, hence, in physiological pH regulation. It also participates in cellular differentiation and proliferation, its expression being absent in most normal tissues. It has been recently postulated that the hypoxia-inducible factor(More)
OBJECTIVE Serum S-100B protein is an established biochemical marker of traumatic brain injury. At the same time, the question of extra-cranial S-100B release has been raised. This study evaluates the post-traumatic and post-operative release kinetics of S-100B in 45 trauma victims without head injury. METHOD Serum S-100B protein was measured on admission(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant gliomas are the most common primary brain tumours of both children and adults. The unique aspects of their biology and anatomic site render them refractory to conventional therapeutic strategies such as surgery and chemotherapy. Significant attention has been given, recently, to immunotherapy which, although promising in preclinical(More)
BACKGROUND S-100B protein is an established serum marker of primary and secondary brain damage in head injury and stroke. Despite major progress in neurophysiologic monitoring, there are still difficulties in the early identification and quantification of evolving edema or trauma after craniotomy for tumor. In this study we aimed to correlate serum S-100B(More)