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Nanog, Oct4, and Sox2 are the core regulators of mouse (m)ESC pluripotency. Although their basic importance in human (h)ESCs has been demonstrated, the mechanistic functions are not well defined. Here, we identify general and cell-line-specific requirements for NANOG, OCT4, and SOX2 in hESCs. We show that OCT4 regulates, and interacts with, the BMP4 pathway(More)
Preimplantation development in mammals encompasses a period from fertilization to implantation and results in formation of a blastocyst composed of three distinct cell lineages: epiblast, trophectoderm and primitive endoderm. The epiblast gives rise to the organism, while the trophectoderm and the primitive endoderm contribute to extraembryonic tissues that(More)
We have studied the mechanisms involved in TcR-independent apoptosis of radiation leukemia virus (RadLV)-transformed thymocyte clones induced by a thymic epithelial cell line (TEC). TEC induced apoptosis of an immature CD4+8+3+ (PD1.6) but not of a CD4-8-3- (B10) thymocyte clone. TEC-derived conditioned medium did not mimic the signal induced by TEC in(More)
Polysaccharide K (PSK) is a biological response modifier used for adjuvant immunotherapy of malignant diseases. We studied the potential applicability of PSK for preventing tumor progression using an experimental model of murine lymphoma. Mice inoculated with the radiation leukemia virus (RadLV) develop thymic lymphomas after a latency of 3–6 months.(More)
The interaction of thymocytes with thymic epithelial cells in the absence of an exogenous antigen was studied in vitro. Thymic, but not splenic epithelial cells induced apoptosis of thymocytes. A thymic epithelial cell line (TEC) induced apoptosis of thymocytes but not of splenic T-cells. The target population for TEC-induced death were immature CD4(+)8(+)(More)
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