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Polyphenol oxidases (PPOs) are nuclear-encoded chloroplast proteins that are targeted to the thylakoid lumen by a bipartite presequence. The N-terminal part of this sequence is removed by a stromal processing peptidase (SPP), and the resulting intermediate is translocated across the thylakoid and processed to the mature protein. A 4800-fold-purified SPP(More)
A tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) gene encoding a precursor of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) was transcribed and translated in vitro. The import, targeting, and processing of the [35S]methionine-labeled precursor protein (pPPO) were studied in isolated chloroplasts. The protein was routed to the thylakoid lumen in two steps. The 67-kD precursor was first(More)
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked membrane protein with no cytosolic domain that localizes to lipid raft microdomains. Our laboratory and others have documented that lung fibroblasts from patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) exhibit a hypermotile phenotype. This study was(More)
Some carbamoylphosphonates (CPOs) inhibit matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Although MMPs are involved in inflammatory processes, the anti-inflammatory activity of CPOs has not been reported. In this context we compared the biological activity of the three aminoCPOs, PYR-CPO, PIP-CPO and cis-ACCP. We were particularly interested in their capability to(More)
The accumulation of delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) was studied in greening maize (Zea mays) leaves which were transferred to darkness and reilluminated after various periods of time. The system synthesizing ALA decays in the dark with a half-life of about 80 minutes. The onset of enzyme decay after transfer to darkness shows a 40-minute lag. The(More)
This article investigates the cross-linguistic comparability of the newly developed lexical assessment tool Cross-linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT). LITMUS-CLT is a part the Language Impairment Testing in Multilingual Settings (LITMUS) battery (Armon-Lotem, de Jong & Meir, 2015). Here we analyse results on receptive and expressive word knowledge tasks(More)
The events that follow the import of pLHCPIIb, the apoprotein precursor of the major light-harvesting complex of photosystem II, were studied in intact pea chloroplasts. The distribution of the events of insertion into the membrane, and processing, to yield the mature form (LHCP) between stromal and granal lamellae regions of the thylakoids were followed.(More)
Therapeutic intervention in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) is often associated with adverse effects related to drug distribution into non-diseased tissues, a situation which attracts a rational design of a targeted treatment confined to the inflamed mucosa. Upon activation of immune cells, transferrin receptor (TfR) expression increases at their(More)