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Several recent studies proposed a role for innate immunity and inflammation in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, possible links, if any, between disease and adaptive immunity are poorly understood. The present study probed for the role of B cells in ALS disease using the G93A-SOD-1 transgenic mouse model. In agreement with(More)
We have studied four unrelated males with a heritable disorder that we term adrenomyeloneuropathy; limited clinical information is available on a fifth case. All had adrenal insufficiency beginning in childhood and developed progressive spastic paraparesis in the third decade. Hypogonadism of variable severity was present in all four cases appropriately(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were generated against the sodium channels in the intact membrane of the eel electroplax. These antibodies bind to nodes of Ranvier, as indicated by immunofluorescence. When externally applied to rat nerve fibers one of these mAbs blocks impulse conduction. In voltage-clamp experiments, this mAb was found to attenuate sodium(More)
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