Efrat Barbiro-Michaely

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Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated in the neuronal hyperexcitability hence its involvement in the pathophysiology of epilepsy is clear. However, some studies indicate that NO has anticonvulsant effects while others present its convulsive effects. In the present study we tested the involvement of NO in pentylenetetrazol (Metrazol) induced Status(More)
Normal mitochondrial function is a critical factor in maintaining cellular homeostasis in various organs of the body. Due to the involvement of mitochondrial dysfunction in many pathological states, the real-time in vivo monitoring of the mitochondrial metabolic state is crucially important. This type of monitoring in animal models as well as in patients(More)
It has been proposed that the reduction of nitrite by red cells producing NO plays a role in the regulation of vascular tone. This hypothesis was investigated in rats by measuring the effect of nitrite infusion on mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebrovascular resistance (CVR) in conjunction with the accumulation of red(More)
INTRODUCTION Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the major causes of death in the world, with at least ten million serious traumatic brain injuries occurring annually; nevertheless, the pathophysiologic events taking place immediately after the injury are not yet fully known. OBJECTIVE To study the effects of TBI on brain hemodynamic, metabolic and(More)
Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), which leads to focal cerebral ischemia, serves as an experimental model for brain stroke. There is a large variation in protocols and techniques using the MCAO model, which may affect the outcomes seen in different studies. The current work presents and compares the diverse responses in mitochondrial NADH and(More)
BACKGROUND Under emergency situations, the protection of the most vital organs in the body, the brain and the heart, may result in a decrease in tissue perfusion, mitochondrial dysfunction and energetic failure, in "less-vital" organs (skin, G-I tract, kidney etc.). One of these pathways includes the secretion of epinephrine and norepinephrine. The aim of(More)
The 'Cushing Response' is a significant phenomenon associated with elevated ICP. The purpose of our study was to examine the effects of the intracranial hypertension level and duration on the cerebral tissue physiology, using a Multiprobe assembly (MPA). The parameters monitored simultaneously included ICP, CBF, mitochondrial NADH redox state, extracellular(More)
Viral-host interactions represent potential drug targets for novel antiviral strategies (Flisiak et al., Hepatology, 2008, 47, 817-26). Hence, it is important to establish an adequate platform for identifying and analyzing such interactions. In this review, we discuss bottlenecks in conventional protein-protein interaction methodologies and present the(More)
Focal cerebral ischemia creates a gradual injury, ranging from severe injury in the core towards moderate damage in the penumbra. Disruption of blood supply leads to shortage in oxygen supply, resulting in mitochondrial disruption in the ischemic area. The present work study the mitochondrial function and microcirculatory blood supply in the core and(More)