Efraín Felipe

Learn More
We tested the effects of three amendments (a biosolid compost, a sugar beet lime, and a combination of leonardite plus sugar beet lime) on trace element stabilisation and spontaneous revegetation of a trace element contaminated soil. Soil properties were analysed before and after amendment application. Spontaneous vegetation growing on the experimental plot(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is one of the most common causes of chronic neurologic disability in young adults. We evaluate, through retrospective study, the epidemiological characteristics, the manifestations ways, the clinical manifestations, the evolution and the level of physical disability of MS in 302 patients. The average patients age was 37.7 and the(More)
We report the results of a trial of interferon beta 1-a in 62 ambulatory patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Entry criteria included EDSS of 0 to 5.5 and at least two exacerbations in the previous 2 years. The patients received 3 million international units by subcutaneous injections three times a week. The end points were differences in(More)
Road safety engineering can play an integral part in the prevention of whiplash injuries. While improvements to vehicle design can reduce the severity of whiplash injuries when a crash occurs, improvements to road safety can prevent whiplash-inducing crashes from occurring in the first place. Whiplash injuries are most commonly associated with rear end(More)
Many neurologic scales have been used for clinical evaluation of multiple sclerosis, but there is no consensus about which one is the most appropriate to assess evolution and point to a new relapse. The Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) has been the most commonly used. We analyse the reliability of two scales: the EDSS and Neurologic Rating Scale(More)
Serum samples were analysed for interleukin-2 receptors levels (sIL-2R) in 26 patients with definite multiple sclerosis as defined by Poser and col. Three groups of patients form the basis of this study: group I, with 14 patients with clinical evidence of active disease; group II, with 12 patients with clinically stable multiple sclerosis; and group III,(More)
In 95 patients with the remitting-relapsing form of multiple sclerosis we investigated fatigue. All of them were evaluated with the Fatigue Severity Scale and we found it in 64 patients (67.4%). Gender, age, depression and fuctional incapacity was not predictive of fatigue occurrence, while anxiety and time of disease seems to be correlated with it. When we(More)
The authors report on a series of 214 cases of defined multiple sclerosis according to Poser et al. criteria. These cases were retrospectively selected by medical reports analysed from Santa Casa Medical School (São Paulo) and the private practice, from 1980 to 1993. The data were analysed as for sex, race, onset age of symptoms, onset symptoms, and(More)
Fatigue is a common and disabiling symptom in multiple sclerosis but is poorly understood. Self-report measures are designed to capture the patient's subjective sense of fatigue. We applied three scales in 15 patients with MS. Nine of them reported fatigue. The scores were high in all of these patients. We conclude that these scales must be used in(More)
  • 1