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BACKGROUND & AIMS Childhood obesity is a growing problem worldwide. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is frequently associated with obesity in children. Recently, the PNPLA3 gene I148M (rs738409) variant was demonstrated to be strongly associated with hepatic steatosis in obese adults. In this study we add further insight into the role of PNPLA3 by(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate a handheld vacuum-assisted device for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided breast biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 47 patients, a total of 47 suspicious breast lesions (mean maximum diameter 9 mm) seen with MRI (no suspicious changes on breast ultrasound or mammography) were sampled using a 10-gauge(More)
BACKGROUND Apolipoprotein C3 (APOC3) is a component of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, and APOC3 rs2854116 and rs2854117 polymorphisms have been associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, hypertriglyceridaemia, and insulin-resistance. OBJECTIVE To determine if the APOC3 variants alter the susceptibility of obese subjects to develop liver damage,(More)
OBJECTIVE We previously demonstrated the presence of two different populations among individuals with adult-onset autoimmune diabetes: those having either a high titer or a low titer of antibodies to GAD (GADAs). Protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor type 22 (PTPN22) has been identified as a new susceptibility gene for type 1 diabetes and other(More)
The clinical use of breast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is increasing, especially for applications requiring paramagnetic contrast-agent injection. This document presents a synthetic list of acceptable indications with potential advantages for women according to evidence from the literature and the expert opinion of the panel that developed this(More)
PURPOSE This study evaluated the role of the correct diagnostic pathway through conventional imaging in evaluating breast disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS Six hundred patients aged between 35 and 75 years were enrolled in the study. All patients underwent detailed history and clinical examination, ultrasound (US) and mammography. US scans were repeated(More)
BACKGROUND Very few studies on glucose abnormalities in European overweight/obese children and adolescents are available, and scientific evidence on the value of standard oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in childhood is lacking. We therefore aimed to establish prevalence and features of impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and(More)
BACKGROUND A number of metabolic changes are caused by childhood obesity, including insulin resistance, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. To counteract them, lifestyle modification with changes in dietary habits and physical activity is the primary intervention. Anthropometric parameters may not identify all positive changes associated with lifestyle(More)
BACKGROUND Childhood obesity has a strong genetic background. The human UBL5 (BEACON) gene has been suggested as a candidate gene for obesity. Previous studies in populations of different ethnicities have shown a significant association between UBL5 variants and measures of body fatness. AIMS To identify mutations that may cause early-onset obesity we(More)
PURPOSE To determine the feasibility of using synchrotron radiation (SR) in diagnostic mammography. MATERIALS AND METHODS Monochromatic SR of x-ray beams of selected energies of 14-20 keV were used to obtain mammograms of surgically removed breast specimens that contained tumor nodules. For comparison, conventional mammograms of the same specimens were(More)