Efisio Cossu

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Childhood obesity is a growing problem worldwide. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is frequently associated with obesity in children. Recently, the PNPLA3 gene I148M (rs738409) variant was demonstrated to be strongly associated with hepatic steatosis in obese adults. In this study we add further insight into the role of PNPLA3 by(More)
BACKGROUND A number of metabolic changes are caused by childhood obesity, including insulin resistance, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. To counteract them, lifestyle modification with changes in dietary habits and physical activity is the primary intervention. Anthropometric parameters may not identify all positive changes associated with lifestyle(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate a handheld vacuum-assisted device for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided breast biopsy. In 47 patients, a total of 47 suspicious breast lesions (mean maximum diameter 9 mm) seen with MRI (no suspicious changes on breast ultrasound or mammography) were sampled using a 10-gauge vacuum-assisted breast biopsy (VAB)(More)
OBJECTIVE We previously demonstrated the presence of two different populations among individuals with adult-onset autoimmune diabetes: those having either a high titer or a low titer of antibodies to GAD (GADAs). Protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor type 22 (PTPN22) has been identified as a new susceptibility gene for type 1 diabetes and other(More)
Obesity is recognized as a major health problem worldwide. Genetic factors play a major role in obesity, and genomewide association studies have provided evidence that several common variants within the fat mass- and obesity-associated (FTO) gene are significantly associated with obesity. Very limited data is available on FTO in the Italian population. Aims(More)
The clinical use of breast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is increasing, especially for applications requiring paramagnetic contrast-agent injection. This document presents a synthetic list of acceptable indications with potential advantages for women according to evidence from the literature and the expert opinion of the panel that developed this(More)
Apolipoprotein C3 (APOC3) is a component of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, and APOC3 rs2854116 and rs2854117 polymorphisms have been associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, hypertriglyceridaemia, and insulin-resistance. To determine if the APOC3 variants alter the susceptibility of obese subjects to develop liver damage, hypertrigliceridaemia,(More)
PURPOSE To determine the feasibility of using synchrotron radiation (SR) in diagnostic mammography. MATERIALS AND METHODS Monochromatic SR of x-ray beams of selected energies of 14-20 keV were used to obtain mammograms of surgically removed breast specimens that contained tumor nodules. For comparison, conventional mammograms of the same specimens were(More)
OBJECTIVE Little is known about the prevalence of beta-cell autoantibodies in children with excess body weight. The prevalence of type 1 diabetes autoantibodies and its relation with hyperglycemia was analyzed in 686 overweight/obese children and adolescents. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS All children underwent an oral glucose tolerance test, and anti-GAD,(More)
This study was undertaken to compare the cost effectiveness of two vacuum-assisted breast biopsy devices, the Mammotome and Vacora systems. Between January and June 2006, 238 vacuum-assisted breast biopsies were performed at our radiology department. Five out of 238 lesions were excluded because of inadequate sampling. The Mammotome system was used in(More)