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Double-layered ternary-phase microparticles composed of a poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (50:50) (PLGA) core and a poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) shell impregnated with poly(caprolactone) (PCL) particulates were loaded with ibuprofen (IBU) and metoclopramide HCl (MCA) through a one-step fabrication process. MCA and IBU were localized in the PLGA core and in the(More)
It is generally accepted that the hallmark of osteoporosis is a reduction in bone mass. There is significant overlap, however, in bone mineral density between osteoporotic and normal individuals. This study examined the chemical composition of bone tissue obtained from women who had sustained a fracture and women without fracture to determine if there are(More)
The aim of this study is to examine the physical mechanisms during the dissolution of a solid dispersion, so as to provide further understanding behind the enhanced dissolution properties. X-ray amorphous solid dispersions of ketoconazole (KC), a poorly aqueous soluble drug, were prepared by melt extrusion with polyvinlypyrrolidone 17 (PVP 17) and PVP-vinyl(More)
PTH is in clinical use for the treatment of osteoporosis and is under intensive investigation for its potential in applications of tissue engineering, fracture healing, and implant integration. However, the mechanisms of its action to stimulate bone formation are still unclear. A novel bone tissue engineering model was used to elucidate basic mechanisms of(More)
A novel analytical method to detect and characterize active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) trace crystallinity in an amorphous system using Raman microscopy and chemometric methods, namely band-target entropy minimization (BTEM) and target transformation factor analysis (TTFA) is developed. The method starts with Raman mapping measurements performed on(More)
The ability of combining near-infrared (NIR) Raman spectroscopy with support vector machines (SVM) for improving multi-class classification between different histopathological groups in tissues was evaluated in this study. A total of 105 colonic tissue specimens from 59 patients including 41 normal, 18 hyperplastic polyps and 46 adenocarcinomas were used(More)
Enhanced dissolution of poorly soluble active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) in amorphous solid dispersions often diminishes during storage due to moisture-induced re-crystallization. This study aims to investigate the influence of moisture protection on solid-state stability and dissolution profiles of melt-extruded fenofibrate (FF) and ketoconazole(More)
Double-layered microparticles, composed of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (50:50) (PLGA) core and poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) shell, of controllable sizes ranging from several hundred microns to few microns were fabricated using a one-step solvent evaporation method. Metoclopramide monohydrochloride monohydrate (MCA), a hydrophilic drug, was selectively(More)
Thin films of poly(lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) incorporating paclitaxel typically have slow release rates of paclitaxel of the order of 1 μg day(-1) cm(-2). For implementation as medical devices a range of zero order release rates (i.e. 1-15 μg day(-1) cm(-2)) is desirable for different tissues and pathologies. Eight and 35 kDa molecular weight(More)
Hydrophobic, antirestenotic drugs such as paclitaxel (PCTX) and rapamycin are often incorporated into thin film coatings for local delivery using implantable medical devices and polymers such as drug-eluting stents and balloons. Selecting the optimum coating formulation through screening the release profile of these drugs in thin films is time consuming and(More)