Effendi Widjaja

Learn More
It is generally accepted that the hallmark of osteoporosis is a reduction in bone mass. There is significant overlap, however, in bone mineral density between osteoporotic and normal individuals. This study examined the chemical composition of bone tissue obtained from women who had sustained a fracture and women without fracture to determine if there are(More)
Band-target entropy minimization (BTEM) has been applied to extraction of component spectra from hyperspectral Raman images. In this method singular value decomposition is used to calculate the eigenvectors of the spectroscopic image data set. Bands in non-noise eigenvectors that would normally be used for recovery of spectra are examined for localized(More)
PTH is in clinical use for the treatment of osteoporosis and is under intensive investigation for its potential in applications of tissue engineering, fracture healing, and implant integration. However, the mechanisms of its action to stimulate bone formation are still unclear. A novel bone tissue engineering model was used to elucidate basic mechanisms of(More)
The ability of combining near-infrared (NIR) Raman spectroscopy with support vector machines (SVM) for improving multi-class classification between different histopathological groups in tissues was evaluated in this study. A total of 105 colonic tissue specimens from 59 patients including 41 normal, 18 hyperplastic polyps and 46 adenocarcinomas were used(More)
Double-layered ternary-phase microparticles composed of a poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (50:50) (PLGA) core and a poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) shell impregnated with poly(caprolactone) (PCL) particulates were loaded with ibuprofen (IBU) and metoclopramide HCl (MCA) through a one-step fabrication process. MCA and IBU were localized in the PLGA core and in the(More)
A technique is demonstrated to detect DNA hybridization at low concentrations, based on Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) using silicon nanostructures coated with gold-silver as substrate. Standard silicon process technologies were employed to fabricate the SERS substrates featuring nanogaps with a characteristic distance of 15+/-10nm. Target DNA was(More)
A novel analytical method to detect and characterize active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) trace crystallinity in an amorphous system using Raman microscopy and chemometric methods, namely band-target entropy minimization (BTEM) and target transformation factor analysis (TTFA) is developed. The method starts with Raman mapping measurements performed on(More)
The aim of this study is to examine the physical mechanisms during the dissolution of a solid dispersion, so as to provide further understanding behind the enhanced dissolution properties. X-ray amorphous solid dispersions of ketoconazole (KC), a poorly aqueous soluble drug, were prepared by melt extrusion with polyvinlypyrrolidone 17 (PVP 17) and PVP-vinyl(More)
Raman spectra of human nail clippings from various sources were collected and then deconvoluted to obtain the pure component spectra of the underlying constituents present. This blind-deconvolution was performed using a self-modeling curve resolution technique, namely band-target entropy minimization (BTEM). The aim was to simplify the complexity of the(More)
Thin films of poly(lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) incorporating paclitaxel typically have slow release rates of paclitaxel of the order of 1 μg day(-1) cm(-2). For implementation as medical devices a range of zero order release rates (i.e. 1-15 μg day(-1) cm(-2)) is desirable for different tissues and pathologies. Eight and 35 kDa molecular weight(More)