Eeva Martelin

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To study the regulation of the human xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) gene, we cloned 1.9 kb of the promoter region. In reporter gene assays, a construct encompassing nucleotides between 142 to +42 conferred maximal basal activity of the XOR promoter in 293T cells, in comparison with shorter (-92 to +42) or longer (up to -1937 to +42) constructs. The promoter(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperuricaemia and reactive oxygen species have recently been associated with essential hypertension. Xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) produces urate and, in its oxidase isoform, reactive oxygen species also. Our previous studies indicated that hypertension-prone rat strains have greater renal XOR activity than their normotensive counterparts, and(More)
Apoptotic cell death plays an important role in limiting testicular germ cell population during spermatogenesis and its dysregulation has been shown to be associated with male infertility. The growing evidence on the role of the transcription factor nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B in controlling apoptosis prompted us to investigate NF-kappa B activity in the(More)
Xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) catalyzes the final reactions of purine catabolism and may account for cell damage by producing reactive oxygen metabolites in cells reoxygenated after hypoxia. We found a three- to eightfold higher XOR activity in cultured human bronchial epithelial cells exposed to hypoxia (0.5-3% O2) compared with cells grown in normoxia(More)
BACKGROUND Linkage and knock-out mice studies suggest that the melanocortin-3-receptor (MC3R) is a candidate gene for obesity. OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether MC3R mutations underlie morbid obesity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS MC3R coding and 5(')-flanking regions were sequenced in 48 subjects and the detected variants genotyped in 252 morbidly obese (BMI>/=40(More)
Xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) is a key enzyme in degradation of DNA and RNA, and has previously been shown to be decreased in aggressive breast and gastric cancer. In this study, XOR expression was assessed in tissue microarray specimens of 478 patients with colorectal cancer and related to clinical parameters. In addition, we performed in vitro studies of(More)
Xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) may produce reactive oxygen species and play a role in ischemia-reperfusion injury. Because tissue iron levels increase after ischemia, and because XOR contains functionally critical iron-sulfur clusters, we studied the effects of intracellular iron on XOR expression. Ferric ammonium citrate and FeSO(4) elevated intracellular(More)
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