Eeva Leinonen

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Utilizing relevance theory, this study investigated the ability of children with Asperger syndrome (AS) and high-functioning autism (HFA) to use context when answering questions and when giving explanations for their correct answers. Three groups participated in this study: younger AS/HFA group (age 7-9, n=16), older AS/HFA group (age 10-12, n=23) and a(More)
BACKGROUND Pragmatic language impairment in children with specific language impairment has proved difficult to assess, and the nature of their abilities to comprehend pragmatic meaning has not been fully investigated. AIMS To develop both a cognitive approach to pragmatic language assessment based on Relevance Theory and an assessment tool for identifying(More)
A global increase in aging population, combined with a growing number of people with dementia, creates new challenges to develop guiding technology for people with memory disturbances in their daily activities. In this study we have tested the prototype of a wayfinding aid using predefined routes. The orientation advice was given through three modalities,(More)
The present study investigates children's syntactic and pragmatic processing when specifying referents presented in short video clips. Within Relevance theory, the assumption of 'optimal relevance' implies that utterances are intended to involve the least processing effort on the part of the listener. In the present context, lexically specified NPs are(More)
This study focussed on young children's incorrect answers to pragmatically demanding questions. Children with specific language impairment (SLI), including a subgroup with pragmatic language difficulties (PLD) and typically developing children answered questions targeting implicatures, based on a storybook and short verbal scenarios. Ninety-seven children(More)
Demands for older adults' assistive and cooperative care systems are increasing, but so far most design interest has been in individuals' tools and separated public and private services or actors. We provide an initial design case with a safety navigation system designed to help those suffering from memory problems and thus may need real time assistance.(More)
At eleven years of age all children in a UK national birth cohort wrote short stories about the life they expected to be leading at age 25. Using a data linkage exercise, we identified those who later developed schizophrenia, affective psychosis, or other non-psychotic psychiatric disorders in later life based on the PSE CATEGO diagnostic system. The(More)
Children with specific language impairment (SLI) vary widely in their ability to use tense/agreement inflections depending on the type of language being acquired, a fact that current accounts of SLI have tried to explain. Finnish provides an important test case for these accounts because: (1) verbs in the first and second person permit null subjects whereas(More)