Eeva-Christine Brockmann

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Src homology 2 (SH2) domains recognize phosphotyrosine (pY)-containing sequences and thereby mediate their association to ligands. Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) is a cytoplasmic protein tyrosine kinase, in which mutations cause a hereditary immunodeficiency disease, X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA). Mutations have been found in all Btk domains, including(More)
Sulfa antibiotics (sulfonamides) are a group of molecules sharing the p-aminobenzenesulfonamide moiety. Sulfonamides are used in veterinary and human medicine. Sometimes, the meat or milk of medicated animals is contaminated with residual sulfonamides. Current analytical methods for sulfonamides are unfit for screening of food, because they are either too(More)
Affinity maturation is often applied to improve the properties of antibodies isolated from universal antibody libraries in vitro. A synthetic human scFv antibody library was constructed in single immunoglobulin framework to enable rapid affinity maturation by updated Kunkel's mutagenesis. The initial diversity was generated predominantly in the V(H) domain(More)
Comparative sequence analyses were performed on 14 genes encoding bacterial elongation factors EF-Tu and 7 genes encoding the beta-subunit of bacterial F1F0 type ATP-synthases. The corresponding predicted amino acid sequences were compared with published primary structures of homologous molecules. Phylogenetic trees were reconstructed from both data sets of(More)
Stability of single-chain Fvs (scFvs) can be improved by mutagenesis followed by phage display selection where the unstable variants are first inactivated by, for example, denaturing treatment. Here we describe a modified strategy for the selection of stabilized antibody fragments by phage display, based on denaturation under reducing conditions. This(More)
Sulfa antibiotics (sulfonamides) are used in veterinary and human medicine for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes. Veterinary use can result in foodstuffs derived from animals being contaminated with residual sulfonamides. Current sulfonamide-screening methods (mainly based on bacterial growth inhibition) are slow and inaccurate, since sensitivities of(More)
In directed evolution experiments, a single randomization scheme of an antibody gene does not provide optimal diversity for recognition of all sizes of antigens. In this study, we have expanded the recognition potential of our universal library, termed ScFvP, with a second distinct diversification scheme. In the second library, termed ScFvM, diversity was(More)
AIMS Development of a rapid method to identify and quantify Leuconostoc populations in mesophilic starter cultures. METHODS AND RESULTS 16S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes were used in a whole cell in situ hybridization assay for the identification of the genus Leuconostoc and an undescribed Leuconostoc ribospecies. The probes were fluorescently(More)
Phage display is a commonly used selection technique in protein engineering, but not all proteins can be expressed on phage. Here, we describe the expression of a cytoplasmic homodimeric enzyme dihydropteroate synthetase (DHPS) on M13 phage, established by protein engineering of DHPS. The strategy included replacement of cysteine residues and screening for(More)
Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) is a cytoplasmic protein tyrosine kinase consisting of N-terminal pleckstrin homology (PH) domain followed by Tec homology (TH) domain, Src homology 3 and 2 (SH3 and SH2) domains, and a C-terminal kinase domain. Mutations in the human BTK gene cause the severe immunodeficiency disease X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA). The(More)