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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Urban Indians have a high prevalence of insulin resistance, hypertension and cardiovascular disease. We studied the prevalence of pre-hypertension and hypertension, as well their association with cardiovascular risk factors, in a north Indian upper socio-economic population. METHODS A total of 1746 adults (age >or=30 yr) residing(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Tropical calcific pancreatitis (TCP) is a chronic pancreatitis unique to developing countries in tropical regions. The cause of TCP is obscure. Whereas environmental factors, such as protein energy malnutrition and ingestion of cassava, have been implicated, a genetic predisposition to the disease also may be important. In the present(More)
Chronic pancreatitis is a persistent inflammatory disease of the pancreas, in which the digestive protease trypsin has a fundamental pathogenetic role. Here we have analyzed the gene encoding the trypsin-degrading enzyme chymotrypsin C (CTRC) in German subjects with idiopathic or hereditary chronic pancreatitis. Two alterations in this gene, p.R254W and(More)
BACKGROUND Podocyte injury is an early feature of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Recently, urinary exosomal Wilm's tumor-1 protein (WT1), shed by renal epithelial cells, has been proposed as a novel biomarker for podocyte injury. However, its usefulness as biomarker for early diabetic nephropathy has not been verified yet. We investigated urinary exosomal WT1(More)
Hypovitaminosis D is common in India. In the present prospective partially randomised study of vitamin D (D₃) supplementation during pregnancy, subjects were randomised in the second trimester to receive either one oral dose of 1500 μg vitamin D₃ (group 1, n 48) or two doses of 3000 μg vitamin D₃ each in the second and third trimesters (group 2, n 49).(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to an increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and cardiovascular (CV) death. Endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in pathogenesis of CAD and vitamin D deficiency is postulated to promote endothelial dysfunction. Despite rising trends of CAD in Asians, only limited data are(More)
BACKGROUND 5alpha-Reductase deficiency (5RD) is an uncommon autosomal recessive disorder of sexual differentiation. It results from impaired conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone due to mutations in the steroid 5alpha-reductase type 2 gene (SRD5A2). Mutations in SRD5A2 have not been previously reported in Indian patients with 5RD. AIM To(More)
AIMS To determine the role of islet autoimmunity in the aetiology of different clinical subtypes of diabetes mellitus in young north Indian patients by measuring islet autoantibodies. METHODS In a cross-sectional study, 145 young patients with diabetes (onset < 30 years) were subdivided into the following categories: Type 1 diabetes (n = 83),(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical presentation of primary adrenocortical insufficiency (Addison's disease) in India may differ from that in developed countries. We therefore studied the clinical profile and prognosis of Addison's disease, with special reference to patients with tuberculous infection. We also evaluated the utility of various clinical parameters in(More)
BACKGROUND Fibrocalculous pancreatic diabetes (FCPD) is a secondary form of diabetes, unique to tropical countries. In earlier reports, patients with FCPD had severe insulin-requiring diabetes, malnutrition and a dismal prognosis. With Improvements in nutrition and medical care, the presentation and prognosis of FCPD may have changed. We report on the(More)