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The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of individual housing on mouse behavior. The male mice of the C57BL/6J and DBA/2 strains were separated at the age of 4 weeks and kept in individual housing for 7 weeks until behavioral testing began. Their behavior was compared to the group-housed mice in a battery of tests during the following 7(More)
The present study was aimed at establishing behavioral differences between three inbred mouse strains (129S2/SvHsd, C57BL/6JOlaHsd, FVB/NHsd) and two F1 hybrid lines derived from them (129 x C57BL/6 and 129 x FVB). The choice of the given strains was based on the frequent use of these mice in transgenic research. For the behavioral phenotyping, we employed(More)
The action of the novel nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor 7-nitroindazole (7-NI) was studied in different exploratory models of anxiety. In the rat plus-maze test, 7-NI potently increased time spent on open arms and percentage of open arm visits in a dose dependent manner with the minimal effective dose of 40 mg/kg. 7-NI caused an anxiolytic-like effect(More)
Several studies have reported the anxiolytic-like effects of various nitric oxide synthase inhibitors in distinct animal models. However, in the context of anxiety, the possible involvement of cyclic GMP, believed to be one of the main targets of NO, remains obscure. Cyclic GMP is degraded by the specific phosphodiesterases in the brain. Therefore, we(More)
Cholecystokinin (CCK) is one of the most abundant neuropeptides in the brain. It is found in the highest levels in cortical and limbic structures and also in the basal ganglia. Two subtypes of CCK receptors have been described in the brain and gastrointestinal tissues. CCK(A) (alimentary subtype) receptors are mainly located in the gastrointestinal tract,(More)
RATIONALE Cholecystokinin (CCK) has been shown to coexist and interact with dopamine in the regulation of behaviour. Two different CCK receptors (CCK1 and CCK2) have an opposite influence on the activity of dopamine neurons. Stimulation of CCK2 receptors decreases the release of dopamine and that receptor could mediate the neuroleptic-like effect of CCK. (More)
Various inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) have been shown to possess antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like properties in animal models. The aim of this study was to compare the behavioural effects of NOS inhibitor 7-nitroindazole (7-NI) with the more selective neuronal NOS inhibitor 1-(2-trifluoromethylphenyl)imidazole (TRIM) in animal models(More)
Much data has accumulated over the past decade supporting the hypothesis that CCK plays a role in the neurobiology of anxiety and panic attacks. These data originated from animal studies and human studies that were initiated independently, but the conclusions are remarkably consistent. In this review, Jacques Bradwejn and colleagues examine the evidence for(More)
Depressive disorders represent a major public health problem worldwide. The limitations of current antidepressant drugs have warranted on-going research to identify pharmacological agents and strategies that offer a greater therapeutic efficacy. The NMDA/L-arginine nitric oxide (NO)-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) cascade is an important signaling(More)
OBJECTIVE In the present investigation we screened a large number of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the genes relevant to the neurobiology of anxiety for their association with panic disorder (PD). METHODS The study sample included 127 patients with PD and 146 healthy control subjects. Using Arrayed Primer Extension technology we genotyped 90(More)