Eefje JA Schrauwen

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A wide range of influenza A viruses of pigs and birds have infected humans in the last decade, sometimes with severe clinical consequences. Each of these so-called zoonotic infections provides an opportunity for virus adaptation to the new host. Fortunately, most of these human infections do not yield viruses with the ability of sustained human-to-human(More)
A peripheral sensory neuropathy was diagnosed in two Border collie puppies. Neurological, electrophysiological and histopathological examinations suggested a purely sensory neuropathy with mainly distal involvement. Urinary incontinence was observed in one of the puppies and histological examination of the vagus nerve revealed degenerative changes. An(More)
BACKGROUND Canine idiopathic immune-mediated hemolytic anemia (IMHA) is associated with a high mortality, especially in the 1st 2 weeks after diagnosis despite treatment. OBJECTIVES To determine treatment outcome and identify prognostic variables in order to define areas of future research. ANIMALS One hundred forty-nine dogs with hematocrit <30% and(More)
Eight dogs suffered chronic defecation problems characterised by severe dyschezia, manifested by signs of fear and vocalisation on defecation. One or more depigmented, discrete erosions, easily bleeding on palpation, were found in the perineal region. Histopathological changes included interface dermatitis, apoptotic keratinocytes, focal hydropic(More)
In Part II of this review, recent aspects in shock therapy are discussed. Treatment of an animal in a state of shock is not an easy task, it is time-consuming and expensive. The basic aims of shock therapy are to remove the inciting cause (wherever possible), to increase the circulating blood volume in order to stimulate the cardiac output and tissue(More)
In the present review, an attempt has been made to describe the modern concept of circulatory shock (Part I). The shock inducing insults (low circulatory volume/vascular capacity equation, heart failure, or disturbance of cellular metabolism induce physiological defense mechanisms, which result in peripheral vasoconstriction in order to maintain adequate(More)