Edzna Garcia

Learn More
The effects of new synthetic lysine-derived anionic surfactants on human and rat erythrocytes were studied. The surfactants were salts of Nalpha,Nepsilon-dioctanoyl lysine with different counterions: lysine (77KK), tris (trishydroxymethyl amminomethane) (77KT), sodium (77KS), and lithium (77KL). 77KK and 77KT showed a biphasic hemolytic behavior in the(More)
We present a systematic structural optimization of uncharged but ionizable N-substituted 2-hydroxyiminoacetamido alkylamine reactivators of phosphylated human acetylcholinesterase (hAChE) intended to catalyze the hydrolysis of organophosphate (OP)-inhibited hAChE in the CNS. Starting with the initial lead oxime RS41A identified in our earlier study and(More)
We describe here the synthesis and activity of a new series of oxime reactivators of cholinesterases (ChEs) that contain tertiary amine or imidazole protonatable functional groups. Equilibration between the neutral and protonated species at physiological pH enables the reactivators to cross the blood-brain barrier and distribute in the CNS aqueous space as(More)
A library of more than 200 novel uncharged oxime reactivators was used to select and refine lead reactivators of human acetylcholinesterase (hAChE) covalently conjugated with sarin, cyclosarin, VX, paraoxon and tabun. N-substituted 2-hydroxyiminoacetamido alkylamines were identified as best reactivators and reactivation kinetics of the lead oximes, RS41A(More)
In the present paper we show a comprehensive in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo study on hydrolytic detoxification of nerve agent and pesticide OPs (organophosphates) catalysed by purified hBChE (human butyrylcholinesterase) in combination with novel non-pyridinium oxime reactivators. We identified TAB2OH (2-trimethylammonio-6-hydroxybenzaldehyde oxime) as an(More)
The cholinesterases, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase, are primary targets of organophosphates (OPs). Exposure to OPs can lead to serious cardiovascular complications, respiratory compromise, and death. Current therapy to combat OP poisoning involves an oxime reactivator (2-PAM, obidoxime, TMB4, or HI-6) combined with atropine and on(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the in vitro activity and cytotoxicity of meglumine antimoniate microspheres produced by spray drying on Leishmania infantum and the effect of the excipients used in them. The parasite strain shows sensitivity to the meglumine antimoniate microspheres prepared. All the antimony IC50 values from encapsulated(More)
Organophosphates (OPs) exert their toxicity by inhibiting primarily acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and to a lesser extent butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). Binary mixtures of mammalian AChE and oximes of varying structure have been recently considered for treatment of OP poisoning as catalytic bioscavengers. In this study wild type human AChE and human AChE with(More)
Acetaminophen, phenylephrine and chlorpheniramine are frequently associated in pharmaceutical formulations against the common cold. Their quantification presents several problems. A HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of these compounds in pharmaceutical formulations such as capsules and sachets, including the separation of impurities and(More)