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BACKGROUND Endogenous arginine homologues, including homoarginine, have been identified as novel biomarkers for cardiovascular disease and outcomes. Our studies of human cohorts and a confirmatory murine model associated the arginine homologue homoarginine and its metabolism with stroke pathology and outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS Increasing homoarginine(More)
ATP-binding cassette (ABC)-transporters, such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp/ABCB1), multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs/ABCCs) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) transport numerous drugs thus regulating their absorption, distribution and excretion. Angiotensin receptor type 1 blockers (ARBs), used to treat hypertension and heart failure,(More)
AIMS Oral L-arginine supplementation has been used in several studies to improve endothelium-dependent, nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilation. L-Arginine treatment is hampered by extensive presystemic elimination due to intestinal arginase activity. In contrast, L-citrulline is readily absorbed and at least in part converted to L-arginine. The aim of our(More)
BACKGROUND Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) plasma levels have been shown to be elevated in diseases related to endothelial dysfunction such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and others. It has been shown that ADMA predicts cardiovascular mortality in patients who have coronary heart disease (CHD). However, the question whether ADMA is(More)
A fully validated gas chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric (GC-tandem MS) method for the accurate and precise quantification of free 3-nitrotyrosine in human plasma at the basal state is described. In the plasma of 11 healthy humans a mean concentration of 2.8 nM (range 1.4-4.2 nM) for free 3-nitrotyrosine was determined by this method. This is the(More)
OBJECTIVES Hyperhomocyst(e)inemia is a risk factor for atherosclerotic vascular disease, and it is associated with endothelial dysfunction. Mechanisms responsible for endothelial dysfunction in hyperhomocyst(e)inemia may involve impaired bioavailability of NO, possibly secondary to accumulation of the endogenous NO synthase inhibitor asymmetric(More)
Vascular oxidative stress brought about by superoxide radicals and oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDL) is a major factor contributing to decreased NO-dependent vasodilator function in hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis. We investigated whether chronic administration of L-arginine (2% in drinking water) or of alpha-tocopherol (300 mg/day)(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress is involved in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, obesity, and cigarette smoking, all of these being risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). We tested the hypothesis that risk factors of CHD are associated with abundant systemic oxidative stress. METHODS AND RESULTS We conducted a(More)
OBJECTIVE The nonproteinogenic amino acid homoarginine has been postulated to have antiatherosclerotic effects as a weak substrate of nitric oxide synthase. This investigation in the population-based Dallas Heart Study (DHS) aimed to evaluate the association of homoarginine with clinical and subclinical cardiovascular outcomes. APPROACH AND RESULTS Plasma(More)
The hypothesis according to which iron overload could be harmful has been extensively and controversially discussed in the literature. One underlying pathological mechanism may be elevated oxidative stress. Thus, we studied the correlation between hemochromatosis and an established marker of oxidative stress, 8-iso-prostaglandin F2alpha (8-iso-PGF2alpha,(More)