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BACKGROUND Endogenous arginine homologues, including homoarginine, have been identified as novel biomarkers for cardiovascular disease and outcomes. Our studies of human cohorts and a confirmatory murine model associated the arginine homologue homoarginine and its metabolism with stroke pathology and outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS Increasing homoarginine(More)
ATP-binding cassette (ABC)-transporters, such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp/ABCB1), multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs/ABCCs) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) transport numerous drugs thus regulating their absorption, distribution and excretion. Angiotensin receptor type 1 blockers (ARBs), used to treat hypertension and heart failure,(More)
OBJECTIVE The nonproteinogenic amino acid homoarginine has been postulated to have antiatherosclerotic effects as a weak substrate of nitric oxide synthase. This investigation in the population-based Dallas Heart Study (DHS) aimed to evaluate the association of homoarginine with clinical and subclinical cardiovascular outcomes. APPROACH AND RESULTS Plasma(More)
The hypothesis according to which iron overload could be harmful has been extensively and controversially discussed in the literature. One underlying pathological mechanism may be elevated oxidative stress. Thus, we studied the correlation between hemochromatosis and an established marker of oxidative stress, 8-iso-prostaglandin F2alpha (8-iso-PGF2alpha,(More)
AIMS Oral L-arginine supplementation has been used in several studies to improve endothelium-dependent, nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilation. L-Arginine treatment is hampered by extensive presystemic elimination due to intestinal arginase activity. In contrast, L-citrulline is readily absorbed and at least in part converted to L-arginine. The aim of our(More)
BACKGROUND Low circulating homoarginine as well as high levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) have been associated with impaired cardiovascular (CV) outcome and mortality in patients at risk and in the general population. The present study aimed to formulate reference intervals for serum homoarginine, ADMA, and(More)
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) has evolved as an important regulator of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in recent years. Elevated levels of ADMA have been reported in many conditions associated with a high cardiovascular risk. Moreover, ADMA is a biomarker for major cardiovascular events and mortality in cohorts with high, intermediate and low overall(More)
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous competitive inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). Elevated ADMA plasma levels have been reported in connection with diseases associated with an impaired endothelial L-arginine-NO pathway and endothelial dysfunction, such as atherosclerosis, hypercholesterolemia, chronic heart failure, diabetes(More)
The balance between nitric oxide (NO) and vasoconstrictors like endothelin is essential for vascular tone and endothelial function. L-Arginine is converted to NO and L-citrulline by NO synthase (NOS). Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) are endogenous inhibitors of NO formation. ADMA is degraded by dimethylamino(More)
BACKGROUND Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) plasma levels have been shown to be elevated in diseases related to endothelial dysfunction such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and others. It has been shown that ADMA predicts cardiovascular mortality in patients who have coronary heart disease (CHD). However, the question whether ADMA is(More)