Edzard Schwedhelm

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AIMS Oral L-arginine supplementation has been used in several studies to improve endothelium-dependent, nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilation. L-Arginine treatment is hampered by extensive presystemic elimination due to intestinal arginase activity. In contrast, L-citrulline is readily absorbed and at least in part converted to L-arginine. The aim of our(More)
BACKGROUND Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, induces endothelial dysfunction. Although elevated ADMA has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease events and death in referral samples, the prognostic significance of ADMA in the community has not been adequately evaluated. METHODS(More)
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous competitive inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). Elevated ADMA plasma levels have been reported in connection with diseases associated with an impaired endothelial L-arginine-NO pathway and endothelial dysfunction, such as atherosclerosis, hypercholesterolemia, chronic heart failure, diabetes(More)
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) has evolved as an important regulator of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in recent years. Elevated levels of ADMA have been reported in many conditions associated with a high cardiovascular risk. Moreover, ADMA is a biomarker for major cardiovascular events and mortality in cohorts with high, intermediate and low overall(More)
OBJECTIVES Hyperhomocyst(e)inemia is a risk factor for atherosclerotic vascular disease, and it is associated with endothelial dysfunction. Mechanisms responsible for endothelial dysfunction in hyperhomocyst(e)inemia may involve impaired bioavailability of NO, possibly secondary to accumulation of the endogenous NO synthase inhibitor asymmetric(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress is involved in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, obesity, and cigarette smoking, all of these being risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). We tested the hypothesis that risk factors of CHD are associated with abundant systemic oxidative stress. METHODS AND RESULTS We conducted a(More)
ATP-binding cassette (ABC)-transporters, such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp/ABCB1), multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs/ABCCs) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) transport numerous drugs thus regulating their absorption, distribution and excretion. Angiotensin receptor type 1 blockers (ARBs), used to treat hypertension and heart failure,(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to identify the role of dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase-1 (DDAH1) in degrading the endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitors asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) and N(g)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA). METHODS AND RESULTS We generated a global-DDAH1 gene-deficient (DDAH1(-/-)) mouse strain to examine(More)
OBJECTIVE The nonproteinogenic amino acid homoarginine has been postulated to have antiatherosclerotic effects as a weak substrate of nitric oxide synthase. This investigation in the population-based Dallas Heart Study (DHS) aimed to evaluate the association of homoarginine with clinical and subclinical cardiovascular outcomes. APPROACH AND RESULTS Plasma(More)
BACKGROUND Endogenous arginine homologues, including homoarginine, have been identified as novel biomarkers for cardiovascular disease and outcomes. Our studies of human cohorts and a confirmatory murine model associated the arginine homologue homoarginine and its metabolism with stroke pathology and outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS Increasing homoarginine(More)