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The use of nucleotides and their analogs in the pharmacological studies of nucleotide receptors (P2 class) should be preceded by detailed studies on their degradation connected with ecto-enzymes of a given cell type. In the present studies we have analyzed stability of some phosphorothioate and phosphonate analogs of ATP and ADP in the HeLa epitheloid(More)
Mast cells (MCs) are long-lived resident cells known for their substantial role in antigen-induced anaphylaxis and other immunoglobulin E-mediated allergic reactions as well as tumor promotion. MCs' activation results in the release of pro-inflammatory factors such as histamine, tryptase, tumor necrosis factor or carboxypeptidase A stored in secretory(More)
Lysophospholipids have long been recognized as membrane phospholipid metabolites, but only recently lysophosphatidic acids (LPA) have been demonstrated to act on specific G protein-coupled receptors. The widespread expression of LPA receptors and coupling to several classes of G proteins allow LPA-dependent regulation of numerous processes, such as vascular(More)
Angiogenesis, the formation of new capillaries from pre-existing vascular network, plays an important role in physiological and pathological processes such as embryonic development, wound healing, and development of atherosclerosis. Extension of the circulatory network is also considered to be one the most important factors during cancerogenesis. Inhibition(More)
Based on the results of research conducted over last two decades, lysophospholipids (LPLs) were observed to be not only structural components of cellular membranes but also biologically active molecules influencing a broad variety of processes such as carcinogenesis, neurogenesis, immunity, vascular development or regulation of metabolic diseases. With a(More)
With a growing interest of the involvement of extracellular nucleotides in both normal physiology and pathology, it has become evident that P2 receptor agonists and antagonists may have therapeutic potential. The P2Y2 receptor agonists (diquafosol tetrasodium and denufosol tetrasodium) are in the phase 3 of clinical trials for dry eye and cystic fibrosis,(More)
The mechanisms by which various oligonucleotides (ODNs) and their analogs enter cells are not fully understood. A common technique used in studies on cellular uptake of ODNs is their conjugation with fluorochromes. However, fluorescently labeled ODNs may vary from the parent compounds in charge and hydrophilicity, and they may interact differently with some(More)
Lysophospholipids have long been recognized as membrane phospholipid metabolites, but only recently lysophosphatidic acids (LPA) have been demonstrated to act on specific G protein-coupled receptors. The widespread expression of LPA receptors and coupling to several classes of G proteins allow LPA-dependent regulation of numerous processes, such as vascular(More)
Diabetes leads to impairment of the normal course of wound healing. Interestingly, recent studies have implicated a critical role of P2X/P2Y nucleotide receptors in dermal tissue regeneration and maintaining vascular homeostasis. As new vessel generation and keratinization process are decreased in diabetic patients we determined whether nucleoside(More)