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Effects on skin blood perfusion of permanent ceramic magnets [0.1 T (1000 G) surface field], individually (disk shaped, 4 cm diameter x 1 cm thick) or in the form of a 11 x 7 in pad ( approximately 28 x 17.8 cm) with an array of 16 rectangular magnets (4.5 x 2.2 cm), were investigated in 16 female volunteers (27.4 +/- 1.7 years, range 21-48 years) using(More)
A rapid and deep inspiration triggers a sympathetically mediated transient vasoconstriction of skin arterioles (inspiratory gasp vascular response, IGVR). Because the IGVR has been most often measured and studied in skin that is rich in arteriovenous anastomoses (AVAs), such as the palmar aspect of the distal phalanx or plantar aspect of the toes, there is(More)
Our specific aim was to investigate whether a local static magnetic field of a permanent magnet, of either pole, affects resting skin blood perfusion. This was done by measuring skin blood perfusion (SBF) by laser-Doppler in dorsum skin of 2nd and 4th fingers of the nondominant hands of 12 volunteers. Both fingers were first exposed to sham magnets, and(More)
To determine if some specific "preparation for birth" occurs in the developing lung to help assure its successful adaptation to a comparatively O2-rich world at birth, we measured the activities of the antioxidant enzymes in the developing lungs of rabbit fetuses from 10 d before parturition to several days after birth. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase(More)
We present evidence to document a third pathway for the microbial catabolism of resorcinol. Resorcinol is converted to pyrogallol by resorcinol-grown cells of Azotobacter vinelandii. Pyrogallol is the substrate for one of two ring cleavage enzymes induced by growth with resorcinol. Oxalocrotonate, CO2, pyruvate, and acetaldehyde have been identified as(More)
A vasomotor reflex triggered by a rapid and deep inspiration causes arteriolar vasoconstriction and a transient decrease in skin blood flow in most people. This is the inspiratory gasp vascular response (IGVR). The most common site of its measurement has been on the palmar or plantar aspect of the digits and little is known about its features in skin with(More)
Undernutrition was found to compromise the tolerance of newborn rat pups to hyperoxia (greater than 95% O2 for 7 days). Survival rate for the normally nourished pups (11 pups/dam) was 56 of 77 (73%) but only 47 of 108 (44%) for the undernourished (18 pups/dam) group (P less than 0.005). Body growth, lung growth, and lung DNA content were significantly(More)
Although no effects of permanent magnets on resting skin blood flow (SBF) in humans have yet been demonstrated, the possibility that magnet related effects might modify dynamic SBF changes has not been previously studied. We hypothesized that magnets may alter local neurovascular mechanisms to cause changes in normal SBF vasoactive responses. To test this,(More)
We tested the hypothesis that pulmonary indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (indole:oxygen 2,3-oxidoreductase (decyclizing), EC 1.13.11.17), an enzyme that consumes superoxide anion (O-2), might have an antioxidant role under conditions of hyperoxia. We measured indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase in three experimental models in which pulmonary superoxide dismutase,(More)