Edwina S. Lai

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An in vivo study of intracerebral rat glioma using proton-localized NMR spectroscopy showed important modifications of the spectra in the tumor as compared with the contralateral brain. To carry out the assignment of the resonances of the glioma spectra, tumoral and normal rat brain tissues were studied in vivo, ex vivo, and in vitro by one-dimensional and(More)
In patients with severe to profound hearing loss, cochlear implants (CIs) are currently the only therapeutic option when the amplification with conventional hearing aids does no longer lead to a useful hearing experience. Despite its great success, there are patients in which benefit from these devices is rather limited. One reason may be a poor(More)
Microscale and nanoscale structures can spatially pattern endothelial cells (ECs) into parallel-aligned organization, mimicking their cellular alignment in blood vessels exposed to laminar shear stress. However, the effects of spatial patterning on the function and global transcriptome of ECs are incompletely characterized. We used both parallel-aligned(More)
BACKGROUND We developed an aligned bi-layered vascular graft derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) that recapitulates the cellular composition, orientation, and anti-inflammatory function of blood vessels. MATERIALS & METHODS The luminal layer consisted of longitudinal-aligned nanofibrillar collagen containing primary endothelial cells(More)
AIM Modulating endothelial cell (EC) morphology and motility, with the aim to influence their biology, might be beneficial for the treatment of vascular disease. We examined the effect of nanoscale matrix anisotropy on EC organization and migration for vascular tissue engineering applications. MATERIALS & METHODS We developed a flow processing technique(More)
A scaffold composed entirely of an extracellular matrix component, such as collagen, with cellular level control would be highly desirable for applications in tissue engineering. In this article we introduce a novel, straightforward flow processing technique that fabricates a small diameter tubular matrix constructed of anisotropic collagen fibrils.(More)
The mechanisms for the formation of high surface area lysozyme particles in spray freezing processes are described as a function of spray geometry and atomization, solute concentration and the calculated cooling rate. In the spray freeze-drying (SFD) process, droplets are atomized into a gas and then freeze upon contact with a liquid cryogen. In the spray(More)
Highly stable, submicron lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and lysozyme particles may be produced by thin film freezing (TFF) of aqueous solutions followed by lyophilization. The LDH activity was determined by measuring the decrease in absorbance of NADH over time for the reaction of pyruvate to lactate. For lysozyme the particle morphology was determined by(More)
Enzyme activities were determined for lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) powder produced by lyophilization, and two fast freezing processes, spray freeze-drying (SFD) and spray freezing into liquid (SFL) nitrogen. The 0.25 mg/mL LDH aqueous feed solutions included either 30 or 100 mg/mL trehalose. The SFL process produced powders with very high enzyme activities(More)
The role of nanotopographical extracellular matrix (ECM) cues in vascular endothelial cell (EC) organization and function is not well-understood, despite the composition of nano- to microscale fibrillar ECMs within blood vessels. Instead, the predominant modulator of EC organization and function is traditionally thought to be hemodynamic shear stress, in(More)
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