Edwin W. Taylor

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Kinesin motors power many motile processes by converting ATP energy into unidirectional motion along microtubules. The force-generating and enzymatic properties of conventional kinesin have been extensively studied; however, the structural basis of movement is unknown. Here we have detected and visualized a large conformational change of an approximately(More)
Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA, or high-frequency heart-rate variability) is frequently employed as an index of cardiac vagal tone or even believed to be a direct measure of vagal tone. However, there are many significant caveats regarding vagal tone interpretation: 1. Respiratory parameters can confound relations between RSA and cardiac vagal tone.2.(More)
The hydrolysis of ATP by acto-HMM has been studied during the transient state using a rapid-mixing apparatus. The rate of substrate binding was slightly slower and the rate of hydrolysis of the first molecule of ATP was essentially the same as for heavy meromyosin (HMM) alone. The rate of acto-HMM dissociation after binding substrate was too fast to measure(More)
We have used intramolecular cross-linking, MS, and sequence threading to rapidly identify the fold of a model protein, bovine basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2. Its tertiary structure was probed with a lysine-specific cross-linking agent, bis(sulfosuccinimidyl) suberate (BS(3)). Sites of cross-linking were determined by tryptic peptide mapping by using(More)
European eels were exposed for 6 weeks to water CO(2) partial pressures (P(CO)(2)) from ambient (approx. 0.8 mmHg), through 15+/-1 mmHg and 30+/-1 mmHg to 45+/-1 mmHg in water with a total hardness of 240 mg l(-1) as CaCO(3), pH 8.2, at 23+/-1 degrees C. Arterial plasma P(CO)(2) equilibrated at approximately 2 mmHg above water P(CO)(2) in all groups, and(More)
Adult brown trout (300–600 g) were acclimated for 2 weeks to an artificial soft water (Ca2+, 50 mmol l21) and maintained at either 5 ̊C (October to March) or 15 ̊C (May to August). Following insertion of a cannula into the dorsal aorta under MS-222 anaesthesia and a recovery period of 2 days, the fish were exposed to a 4 day episode of sub-lethal copper(More)
Reptiles, particularly snakes, exhibit large and quantitatively similar increments in metabolic rate during muscular exercise and following a meal, when they are apparently inactive. The cardiovascular responses are similar during these two states, but the underlying autonomic control of the heart remains unknown. We describe both adrenergic and cholinergic(More)
1. Dogfish were acclimated to 7, 12 or 17 degrees C and exposed to progressive hypoxia at the temperature to which they had been acclimated. During normoxia, the Q10 values for oxygen uptake, heart rate, cardiac output and respiratory frequency over the full 10 degrees C range were: 2.1, 2.1, 2.1 and 2.5 respectively. Increased acclimation temperature had(More)
Anaesthesia and minor surgery to place electrocardiogram recording electrodes in the short-horned sculpin caused a decrease in mean normal beat (R-R) interval and heart rate variability (HRV), measured as the standard deviation in the R-R interval (SDRR). Mean R-R interval increased to a steady state value (1.9+/-2.9 s) 72 h post-surgery, but SDRR took 120(More)
This review explores the fundamental neuranatomical and functional bases for integration of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems in vertebrates and traces their evolution through the vertebrate groups, from primarily water-breathing fish and larval amphibians to facultative air-breathers such as lungfish and some adult amphibians and finally obligate(More)