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Genetic screens carried out in lower organisms such as yeast, Drosophila melanogaster and Caenorhabditis elegans have revealed many signaling pathways. For example, components of the RAS signaling cascade were identified using a mutant eye phenotype in D. melanogaster as a readout. Screening is usually based on enhancing or suppressing a phenotype by way of(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in either of two genes comprising the STSL locus, ATP-binding cassette (ABC)-transporters ABCG5 (encoding sterolin-1) and ABCG8 (encoding sterolin-2), result in sitosterolemia, a rare autosomal recessive disorder of sterol trafficking characterized by increased plasma plant sterol levels. Based upon the genetics of sitosterolemia,(More)
KIC1 encodes a PAK kinase that is involved in morphogenesis and cell integrity. Both over- and underexpressing conditions of KIC1 affected cell wall composition. Kic1-deficient cells were hypersensitive to the cell wall perturbing agent calcofluor white and had less 1,6-beta-glucan. When Kic1-deficient cells were crossed with various kre mutants, which also(More)
ROY C. MONTIJN,† EDWIN VINK, WALLY H. MÜLLER, ARIE J. VERKLEIJ, HERMAN VAN DEN ENDE, BERNARD HENRISSAT, AND FRANS M. KLIS* Swammerdam Institute of Life Science, University of Amsterdam, BioCentrum Amsterdam, Amsterdam 1098 SM, and Department of Molecular Cell Biology, University of Utrecht, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands, and Architecture et Fonction des(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Mutations in genes encoding the ATP-binding cassette (ABC)-transporters ABCG5 and ABCG8 underlie sitosterolemia, which is characterized by elevated plasma levels of phytosterols due to increased intestinal absorption and impaired biliary secretion of sterols. The aim of our study was to correlate the expression levels of Abcg5 and Abcg8 to(More)
Type I diabetes is associated with altered hepatic bile formation and increased intestinal cholesterol absorption. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether altered expression of the ATP-Binding Cassette half-transporters Abcg5 and Abcg8, recently implicated in control of both hepatobiliary cholesterol secretion and intestinal cholesterol absorption,(More)
The ATP binding cassette transporters ABCG5 and ABCG8 are indispensable for hepatobiliary cholesterol transport. In this study, we investigated the specificity of the heterodimer for cholesterol acceptors. Dog gallbladder epithelial cells were mono- or double-transfected with lentiviral mouse Abcg5 and Abcg8 vectors. Double-transfected cells showed(More)
The plant sterol diosgenin has been shown to stimulate biliary cholesterol secretion in mice without affecting the expression of the adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporter heterodimer Abcg5/g8. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of diosgenin-induced cholesterol hypersecretion and to identify the genes involved. Surprisingly,(More)
(1 --> 6)-beta-D-glucan is a key cell wall component of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans. Many genes are known to affect the levels or structure of this glucan, but their roles and a molecular description of the synthesis of (1 --> 6)-beta-D-glucan remain to be established and a method to measure (1 --> 6)-beta-D-glucan synthase activity in(More)
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