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Iron-sulfur clusters (ISCs) are important prosthetic groups that define the functions of many proteins. Proteins with ISCs (called iron-sulfur or Fe-S proteins) are present in mitochondria, the cytosol, the endoplasmic reticulum and the nucleus. They participate in various biological pathways including oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), the citric acid(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to examine the importance of mutations in the cardiac transcription factor gene NKX2-5 in patients with an atrial septal defect (ASD), patent foramen ovale (PFO), or hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). BACKGROUND Mutations in NKX2-5 have been found in families showing secundum ASD and atrioventricular (AV) conduction block and in(More)
The T-box family transcription factor gene TBX20 acts in a conserved regulatory network, guiding heart formation and patterning in diverse species. Mouse Tbx20 is expressed in cardiac progenitor cells, differentiating cardiomyocytes, and developing valvular tissue, and its deletion or RNA interference-mediated knockdown is catastrophic for heart(More)
Heterozygous somatic mutations in the genes encoding isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 and -2 (IDH1 and IDH2) were recently discovered in human neoplastic disorders. These mutations disable the enzymes' normal ability to convert isocitrate to 2-ketoglutarate (2-KG) and confer on the enzymes a new function: the ability to convert 2-KG to d-2-hydroxyglutarate(More)
BACKGROUND Recessive LPIN1 mutations were identified as a cause of severe rhabdomyolysis in pediatric patients. The human lipin family includes two other closely related members, lipin-2 and 3, which share strong homology and similar activity. The study aimed to determine the involvement of the LPIN family genes in a cohort of pediatric and adult patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Tandem mass spectrometry is widely applied to routine newborn screening but there are no long-term studies of outcome. We studied the clinical outcome at six years of age in Australia. METHODS In a cohort study, we analyzed the outcome at 6 years for patients detected by screening or by clinical diagnosis among >2 million infants born from 1994(More)
Several recent studies have established an association between abnormalities of complement factor H (FH) and the development of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). To identify the relative importance of mutations in FH as a cause of HUS, we have undertaken mutation screening of the FH gene in 19 familial and 31 sporadic patients with FH. Mutations were found(More)
complex I deficiency, the most common respiratory chain defect, is genetically heterogeneous: mutations in 8 nuclear and 7 mitochondrial DNA genes encoding complex I subunits have been described. However, these genes account for disease in only a minority of complex I-deficient patients. We investigated whether there may be an unknown common gene by(More)
The existence of Kousseff syndrome as a distinct entity has been thrown into doubt by a recent study conducted on the family originally reported by Kousseff. In all cases where chromosome 22q11.2 FISH testing has been undertaken, including the original sibship, a chromosome 22q11.2-microdeletion has been identified. We report two cases of sacral(More)
Congenital heart defects (CHD) are collectively the most common form of congenital malformation. Studies of human cases and animal models have revealed that mutations in several genes are responsible for both familial and sporadic forms of CHD. We have previously shown that a mutation in MYH6 can cause an autosomal dominant form of atrial septal defect(More)