Edwin L. Bradley

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In a randomized, double-blind study, postoperative pain was assessed in 36 patients undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy with three types of anesthesia: general (thiopental-nitrous oxide-halothane); general with the addition of local (infiltration of the abdominal wall with 0.25% bupivacaine along the line of the proposed incision); and spinal (0.5%(More)
Reactive oxygen species play an important role in pathogenesis of a variety of pathological processes, e.g., ischemia-reperfusion, acute viral infections, thermal injury, hepatic diseases, and acute lung injury. Xanthine oxidase (XO) may be a significant source of these cytotoxic oxygen species. We tested the hypothesis that hepatic ischemia-reperfusion(More)
The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that blockade of nociceptive input with bupivacaine during tonsillectomy can decrease pain beyond the immediate postoperative period. Fourteen patients between the ages of 6 and 18 years scheduled for tonsillectomy (with or without adenoidectomy) were randomly divided into two groups. The patients of(More)
The incidence of chronic hydrocephalus requiring shunting after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is not precisely known. The authors investigated whether the need for ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting can be predicted by initial Hunt and Hess grade or Fisher computerized tomography score. One hundred eight patients who presented with SAH and(More)
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that acute hypovolemia would compromise the compensatory hemodynamic mechanisms to midazolam and decrease its metabolic clearance. Experiments were performed on seven chronically instrumented female beagle dogs. Animals received a single intravenous dose of midazolam, 10 mg/kg, 4 days apart during normovolemic(More)
UNLABELLED Capsaicin can produce a selective and long-lasting neural blockade. Resiniferatoxin (RTX) is an ultrapotent vanilloid agonist with a unique spectrum of activities different from that of capsaicin. We sought to determine whether a single application of RTX to a peripheral nerve could completely prevent the long-lasting mechanical hyperalgesia(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that ovarian hormones in women with hyperandrogenism alter adrenocortical steroidogenesis. DESIGN Combination of two prospective studies. SETTING Academic medical centers. PATIENT(S) Eighteen hyperandrogenic patients demonstrating hirsutism with either hyperandrogenemia, oligomenorrhea, or both. Eighteen healthy(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of dental caries and the use of dental services in a pediatric population of Mexican-American migrant workers. The results were compared with the Mexican-American child population from the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HHANES). One hundred thirty three-to-sixteen-year-old children(More)
The long-lasting imprint of acute pain in the central nervous system may contribute to the transition of acute pain to chronicity. The long-term potentiation (which is proposed as a mechanism of memory) and central sensitization were each reported as a form of synaptic plasticity, and both can be initiated by stimulation of C fibers. In the current study,(More)
Experimental data in humans and animals suggest that during surgery, pain impulses enter the CNS creating a hyperexcitable state in spite of general anesthesia. In a prospective double blind study, pain levels in 22 children undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy under general anesthesia were compared from day of surgery to Day 10. Patients received(More)