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The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the induction and maintenance of anesthesia with the use of fentanyl or ketamine reduces postoperative pain and wound hyperalgesia beyond the period when these effects can be explained by the direct analgesic action of these drugs. Twenty-seven patients scheduled for elective hysterectomy were(More)
The administration of long-acting GnRH analogs (GnRH-a) results in gonadotropin and androgen suppression in hyperandrogenic women. Nonetheless, no randomized studies are available comparing GnRH-a with currently used treatments for hirsutism. We have hypothesized that the greater degrees of androgen suppression achieved with GnRH-a therapy could result in a(More)
Reactive oxygen species play an important role in pathogenesis of a variety of pathological processes, e.g., ischemia-reperfusion, acute viral infections, thermal injury, hepatic diseases, and acute lung injury. Xanthine oxidase (XO) may be a significant source of these cytotoxic oxygen species. We tested the hypothesis that hepatic ischemia-reperfusion(More)
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that acute hypovolemia would compromise the compensatory hemodynamic mechanisms to midazolam and decrease its metabolic clearance. Experiments were performed on seven chronically instrumented female beagle dogs. Animals received a single intravenous dose of midazolam, 10 mg/kg, 4 days apart during normovolemic(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that ovarian hormones in women with hyperandrogenism alter adrenocortical steroidogenesis. DESIGN Combination of two prospective studies. SETTING Academic medical centers. PATIENT(S) Eighteen hyperandrogenic patients demonstrating hirsutism with either hyperandrogenemia, oligomenorrhea, or both. Eighteen healthy(More)
UNLABELLED Capsaicin can produce a selective and long-lasting neural blockade. Resiniferatoxin (RTX) is an ultrapotent vanilloid agonist with a unique spectrum of activities different from that of capsaicin. We sought to determine whether a single application of RTX to a peripheral nerve could completely prevent the long-lasting mechanical hyperalgesia(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this cadaveric wrist study was to determine the incidence and size of defects of the scapholunate interosseous ligament (SLIL), lunotriquetral interosseous ligament (LTIL), and triangular fibrocartilage (TFC) articular disc, and to determine their relationship to wrist arthrosis. METHODS The status of the SLIL, LTIL, and the TFC(More)
Changes in plaque pH and microhardness of bovine enamel slabs were evaluated with a seven-day intra-oral cariogenicity test (ICT). The test enamel slabs were mounted in prosthetic appliances with a Dacron mesh cover for enhancement of microbial colonization. Three percent solutions of sucrose, sorbitol, and xylitol were evaluated as four daily extra-oral(More)
The time course of the development of acute tolerance to alfentanil was characterized in rat experiments using various algorithms of continuous infusion of the drug. To maintain analgesia at a constant level (tail compression test), alfentanil use was steadily increased: Time to 50% increase in alfentanil use was 255 +/- 98 min with analgesia maintained at(More)