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Patients with cholestatic disease exhibit pruritus and analgesia, but the mechanisms underlying these symptoms are unknown. We report that bile acids, which are elevated in the circulation and tissues during cholestasis, cause itch and analgesia by activating the GPCR TGR5. TGR5 was detected in peptidergic neurons of mouse dorsal root ganglia and spinal(More)
Over 70% of patients with cystic fibrosis have the DeltaF508 mutation. This protein is a partially functional chloride (Cl-) channel that is prematurely degraded in the endoplasmic reticulum. Specific members of the flavonoid class of compounds have been shown to increase Cl- conductance of wild-type and DeltaF508 cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator(More)
BACKGROUND Repair of grade 3 and grade 4 ventral hernias is a distinct challenge, given the potential for infection, and the comorbid nature of the patient population. This study evaluates our institutional outcomes when performing single-stage repair of these hernias, with biologic mesh for abdominal wall reinforcement. METHODS A prospectively maintained(More)
Complement is an important mediator of the injuries observed after skeletal muscle ischemia and subsequent reperfusion. Although the classical pathway had been assumed to be the major pathway of activation leading to injury, the mannose-binding lectin (MBL) pathway might also play a contributing role. In this study, we found that MBL-deficient mice had(More)
BACKGROUND The development of a hepatic surgery center within a US Department of Veterans Affairs hospital is dependent on proper training and institutional support, which can translate into low operative morbidity and mortality rates. METHODS Patients who underwent hepatic procedures between 2003 and 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. A subset analysis(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia-reperfusion injury of skeletal muscle is a common clinical and experimental problem. To date, there has been no uniform and reproducible method to assess the extent of histologic injury. In this study, we developed a novel statistical methodology for evaluating injury in individual myocytes and 3 distinct methods for the interpretation(More)
Thymosin beta4 (Tbeta(4)) is a naturally occurring, ubiquitous, non-toxic protein with documented wound-healing, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, and tissue-repair properties in skin, the ocular surface, and the heart. The ability of Tbeta(4) to demonstrate similar protective properties in cells of the oral cavity was analyzed using an in vitro model of(More)
BACKGROUND Many hepatobiliary centres are increasingly utilizing thermocoagulative devices such as bipolar-radiofrequency ablation (B-RFA). Compared with monopolar-radiofrequency ablation (M-RFA), B-RFA does not require grounding pads, thereby avoiding dermal burn injuries, and does not position probes directly into the tumour but rather on the perimeter.(More)
Diced cartilage with deep temporalis fascia (DC-F) graft has become a popular technique for reconstruction of the nasal dorsum. Cartilage can be obtained from the septum, ear, or costal cartilage when employing the DC-F technique. The complications seen with DC-F grafts tend to occur early in the surgeon's implementation of this technique. Management of the(More)