Edwin K. Schneider

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The Community Climate System Model (CCSM) has been created to represent the principal components of the climate system and their interactions. Development and applications of the model are carried out by the U.S. climate research community, thus taking advantage of both wide intellectual participation and computing capabilities beyond those available to(More)
We examine the seasonal cycle of near-surface air temperature simulated by 17 coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation models participating in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP). Nine of the models use ad hoc``¯ux adjustment'' at the ocean surface to bring model simulations close to observations of the present-day climate. We group(More)
Results are described from a series of 40 retrospective forecasts of tropical Pacific SST, starting 1 January and 1 July 1980–99, performed with several coupled ocean–atmosphere general circulation models sharing the same ocean model—the Modular Ocean Model version 3 (MOM3) OGCM—and the same initial conditions. The atmospheric components of the coupled(More)
Results from multiyear integrations of a coupled ocean–atmosphere general circulation model are described. The atmospheric component is a rhomboidal 15, 18-level version of the Center for Ocean–Land–Atmosphere Studies atmospheric general circulation model. The oceanic component is the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory ocean model with a horizontal(More)
An integral balance is developed for steady fluid flows relating dissipation in volumes bounded by isosurfaces of a tracer (quasi-conserved quantity) and solid boundaries to the covariance of the tracer value and surface fluxes across the boundaries. The balance is used to estimate upper bounds for vertical eddy diffusion coefficients for temperature and(More)
Some degree of pain is a part of every individual's life. Many people, however, live in chronic debilitating pain. This Article examines concepts of pain and its treatment and implications for victims of pain under the Social Security system. The Article discusses inconsistencies within the Social Security Administration and in the courts when attempting to(More)
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