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Protein synthesis inhibitors block the maintenance of NMDA receptor-dependent long-term potentiation (LTP) both in vivo and in vitro. Protein synthesis inhibitors block mossy fiber(MF) LTP maintenance in vitro, but little is known about the effect of protein synthesis inhibitors on either induction or maintenance in MF-LTP in vivo. Here we study the role of(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) at the mossy fiber-CA3 synapse of the rat hippocampus is an NMDA receptor-independent form of synaptic plasticity that is sensitive to opioid receptor antagonists [12]. In the present study, Timm's stain, a zinc detecting histological marker commonly used to infer synaptogenesis in the mossy fiber projection, was used to examine(More)
Aging is associated with a decreased capacity for dentate gyrus (DG) granule cell depolarization as well as reduced perforant path activation. Although it is well established that the maintenance of DG long-term potentiation (LTP) over days is impaired in aged, as compared to young animals, the threshold for inducing this LTP has never been investigated in(More)
The effects of aging on long-term potentiation (LTP) in the dentate gyrus (DG) and CA1 are well documented, but LTP at the medial perforant path (MPP)-CA3 synapse of aged animals has remained unexplored. Because the MPP-DG and Schaffer-collateral-CA1 synapses account for only about 20% of total hippocampal synapses, global understanding of how aging affects(More)
The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) has been previously associated with long-term memory formation. Earlier studies have demonstrated a role for phospho-ERK in delay fear conditioning and it has been shown to disrupt trace fear memory when inhibited after training. cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) is a key transcription factor that(More)
The dorsal CA3 region of the hippocampus is unique in its connectivity, sensitivity to neurotoxic lesions, and its ability to encode and retrieve episodic memories. Computational models of the CA3 region predict that blocking mossy-fiber and/or perforant path activity to CA3 would cause impairments in learning and recall of spatial memory, respectively.(More)
The basic goal of the project was to determine whether dopaminergic DA1 receptor (DA1R) signaling couples growth-associated protein 43 (GAP-43; a putative "plasticity" protein) and long-term potentiation (LTP; an enduring form of synaptic plasticity). Thus, guinea pigs were prepped to stimulate the CA3 and evoke population spikes in the CA1 neurons in the(More)
A functional hippocampus is required for trace fear conditioning, which involves learning the association of a tone and shock that are separated over time. Young and aged rats received 10 trace conditioning trials. Twenty-four hours later, rats were tested for fear to the tone in a novel chamber by measuring freezing. The results showed significantly lower(More)
The effects of Morris water maze training on brain metabolism and behavior were compared between aged (20-22 months) and young (2-4 months) Fischer 344 male rats. Each group had yoked controls, which swam the same amount of time as the trained rats but without the platform. This was followed after 9 days by quantitative histochemical mapping of brain(More)
The Morris water maze is a task widely used to investigate cellular and molecular changes associated with spatial learning and memory. This task has both spatial and aversive (swimming related stress) components. It is possible that stress may influence cellular modifications observed after learning the Morris water maze spatial task. Heat shock proteins,(More)