Edwin H. Beachey

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The adherence of coagulase-negative staphylococci to smooth surfaces was assayed by measuring the optical densities of stained bacterial films adherent to the floors of plastic tissue culture plates. The optical densities correlated with the weight of the adherent bacterial film (r = 0.906; P less than 0.01). The measurements also agreed with visual(More)
Slime production is not a generally recognized feature of Staphylococcus epidermidis. In a recent outbreak of S. epidermidis intravascular catheter-associated sepsis, we noted that 63% of clinically implicated strains grew as a slimy film coating the culture tube walls when propagated in tryptic soy broth. Only 37% of randomly collected blood culture(More)
Recent studies have indicated that the attachment of bacteria to mucosal surfaces is the initial event in the pathogenesis of most infectious diseases due to bacteria in animals and humans. An understanding of the mechanisms of attachment and a definition of the adhesive molecules on the surfaces of bacteria (adhesins) as well as those on host cell(More)
A variety of genera and species of the family Enterobacteriaceae bear surface fimbriae that enable them to bind to D-mannose residues on eukaryotic cells. Until recently, it was thought that the D-mannose binding site was located in the major structural subunit (FimA), of relative molecular mass (Mr) 17,000 (17 K), of these organelles in Escherichia coli.(More)
The critical micelle concentration (CMC) of lipoteichoic acid (LTA) was investigated with two dyes, rhodamine 6G and Coomassie brilliant blue R-250. Both dyes gave similar values for the CMC of LTA. The CMC of LTA from several species of bacteria ranged from 28 to 60 micrograms/ml in phosphate-buffered saline. The CMC values for the LTAs are in the range(More)
The mannose-binding activity of several isolates of Escherichia coli was monitored by aggregometry with mannan-containing yeast cells. The velocity of yeast cell aggregation was found to correlate with the ability of the organisms to adhere to human epithelial cells. Mannose or its derivatives specifically inhibited or reversed epithelial cell adherence and(More)
We investigated the influence of berberine sulfate, an ancient Chinese antibiotic, upon the adhesion of uropathogenic Escherichia coli to erythrocytes and epithelial cells. Although berberine sulfate in increasing concentrations had no effect on bacterial growth or on the synthesis of major outer membrane proteins of the E. coli organisms, it increasingly(More)
M proteins that define the serotypes of group A streptococci are powerful blastogens for human T lymphocytes. The mechanism by which they activate T cells was investigated and compared with the conventional T cell mitogen phytohemagglutinin, and the known superantigen staphylococcal enterotoxin B. Although major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II(More)
It is now recognized that bacteria bind to and colonize mucosal surfaces in a highly selective manner. After the organisms penetrate the nonspecific mechanical and cleansing forces, ligands (or adhesins) on the surface of the bacteria interact in a lock-and-key (or induced-fit) fashion with complementary receptors on mucosal surfaces of the host. The(More)
Group A streptococci were grown in the presence of [2-(3)H]glycerol. Concentrated suspensions of the labeled organisms were incubated with and without penicillin. [(3)H]Glycerol-labeled material accumulated in the supernates in increasing amounts with increasing concentrations of penicillin, ranging from 0 to 50 U/ml. The excretion of labeled material(More)