Edwin E. Zvartau

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Section of Molecular Neuropharmacology (B.B.F., J.H.), Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Behavioural Biology Laboratory (K.B.), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich, Switzerland; INSERM U 398 (A.N.), Faculté de Médecine, Strasbourg Cedex, France; Department of Psychopharmacology (E.E.Z.), Valdman(More)
Research on the neurocognitive characteristics of heroin addiction is sparse and studies that do exist include polydrug abusers; thus, they are unable to distinguish neurocognitive effects of heroin from those of other drugs. To identify neurocognitive correlates specific to heroin addiction, the present study was conducted in St. Petersburg, Russia where(More)
BACKGROUND Two recent large genetic studies in the US population have reported association between genetic variation in gamma-amino butyric acid alpha2 receptor subtype (GABRA2) and risk for alcohol dependence. The goal of this study was to test whether GABRA2 is associated with alcohol dependence in a sample of Russian alcohol-dependent men. METHODS A(More)
Previous studies have indicated that blockade of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of glutamate receptors prevents acquisition of instrumental behaviors reinforced by food and drugs such as morphine and cocaine. The present study aimed to extend this evidence by testing whether NMDA receptor channel blocker, memantine, would exert similar effects on(More)
We examined 13 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) spanning the coding region of the mu-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1), among 382 European Americans (EAs) affected with substance dependence [alcohol dependence (AD) and/or drug dependence (DD)] and 338 EA healthy controls. These SNPs delineated two haplotype blocks. Genotype distributions for all SNPs were(More)
Previous studies suggested that metabotropic glutamate 5 (mGlu5) receptors play an important role in the reinforcing effects of abused drugs. The present experiments evaluated the effects of the mGlu5 receptor antagonist, MPEP (2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine hydrochloride; 1-10 mg/kg, salt, i.p.), in rat models of nicotine-seeking behavior that may(More)
Modulation of the reinforcing effects of cocaine and morphine by the kappa-opioid receptor agonist U50,488H (trans-3,4-dichloro-N-methyl-N-(2-1-pyrrolidinyl)-cyclohexyl-benzeace tamide) was studied by using the method of intravenous (i.v.) self-administration in drug-naive Wistar rats and DBA/2 mice. Self-administration of cocaine (by rats) and morphine (by(More)
The analgesic and reinforcing effects of morphine were compared in four strains of mice (C57BL/6, BALB/c, DBA, CBA). The analgesic action of morphine was measured in tail immersion (49 degrees C), hot plate (60 degrees C), and tail clip (four-point scale of nociceptive response) tests. The reinforcing action of morphine was studied in i.v.(More)
OBJECTIVE Ethanol blocks N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) glutamate receptors. Increased NMDA receptor function may contribute to motivational disturbances that contribute to alcoholism. The authors assessed whether the NMDA receptor antagonist memantine reduces cue-induced alcohol craving and produces ethanol-like subjective effects. METHOD Thirty-eight(More)
The opioid receptor antagonist naloxone is known to influence a wide range of behavioral effects of cocaine, including its addictive property. In the present study the effects of different doses of naloxone and naloxone-methyl-iodide, a methylated analogon of naloxone that does not penetrate the blood-brain barrier, on the action of cocaine in the(More)