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The present study evaluated the incidence of gallstone formation in 105 morbidly obese patients undergoing rapid weight loss after proximal gastric bypass surgery. Intraoperative ultrasonography demonstrated gallstones in 20 (19%) and gallbladder sludge in four (4%) patients. Eighty-one patients had a normal gallbladder ultrasound. After bariatric surgery,(More)
Fluorescent probes offer insight into the highly localized and rapid molecular events that underlie cell function. However, methods are required that can efficiently transform the limited signals from such probes into high-resolution images. An algorithm has now been developed that produces highly accurate images of fluorescent probe distribution inside(More)
We have examined the distribution of ryanodine receptors, L-type Ca(2+) channels, calsequestrin, Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchangers, and voltage-gated Na(+) channels in adult rat ventricular myocytes. Enzymatically dissociated cells were fixed and dual-labeled with specific antibodies using standard immunocytochemistry protocols. Images were deconvolved to reverse the(More)
  • E W Moore
  • 1970
Ion-exchange calcium electrodes represent the first practical method for the direct measurement of ionized calcium [Ca(++)] in biologic fluids. Using both "static" and "flow-through" electrodes, serum [Ca(++)] was within a rather narrow range: 0.94-1.33 mmoles/liter (mean, 1.14 mmoles/liter). Within a given individual, [Ca(++)] varied only about 6% over a(More)
Because of undeveloped T tubules and sparse sarcoplasmic reticulum, Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release (CICR) may not be the major mechanism providing contractile Ca(2+) in the neonatal heart. Spatial association of dihydropyridine receptors (DHPRs) and ryanodine receptors (RyRs), a key factor for CICR, was examined in isolated neonatal rabbit ventricular(More)
Gallstones are common in obesity, and in individuals undergoing weight reduction. However, the relationships between body weight, weight reduction, gallbladder bile composition and gallstone formation are not well understood. The present studies were conducted on a cohort of 230 morbidly obese individuals presenting for bariatric surgery. Mean body weight(More)
The most recognized function of the human gallbladder is to store bile. However, this organ is not a static reservoir. It actively modifies bile by two processes: concentration and acidification. This study was designed to simultaneously evaluate the relationship between these two physiological processes in the normal human gallbladder and to define their(More)