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We have developed a model system to assess the influence of earthworm activity on the transfer of plasmid pJP4 from an inoculated donor bacterium, Pseudomonas fluorescens C5t (pJP4), to indigenous soil microorganisms. Three different earthworm species (Lumbricus terrestris, Lumbricus rubellus, and Aporrectodea trapezoides), each with unique burrowing,(More)
Physical changes caused by forest management practices can have a dramatic effect on the soil biota in a forest ecosystem. The effects of soil compaction associated with harvesting on earthworm populations and selected soil properties were measured in a hardwood (oak-hickory) forest in Missouri. Soils in this region of Missouri are characterized by a cherty(More)
Within the limits of this study, it was found that 5 ppm of cobalt was adequate to give good levels of vitamin B(12). The vitamin B(12) precursor 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole was found to be adequate at 10 ppm in the absence of aeration. In the presence of aeration, a zero level of precursor was found to be most desirable. The analysis of variance showed(More)
Dispersal of the nematode Steinernema carpocapsae (All strain), applied on the top or the bottom of soil columns, was tested in the presence or absence of two earthworm species, Lumbricus terrestris or Aporrectodea trapezoides. Nematode dispersal was estimated after a 2-week period with a bioassay against the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella. Vertical(More)
 Earthworms may alter the physical, chemical, and biological properties of a forest soil ecosystem. Any physical manipulation of the soil ecosystem may, in turn, affect the activities and ecology of earthworms. The effects of removing organic matter (logs and forest litter) and severely compacting the soil on native earthworm species were measured in a(More)
Previous studies indicated that dispersal of S. carpocapsae may be enhanced in soil with earthworms. The objective of this research was to determine and compare the effects of earthworms on dispersal of other Steinernema spp. Vertical dispersal of Steinernema carpocapsae, S. feltiae, and S. glaseri was tested in soil columns in the presence and absence of(More)
Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner, carbaryl, carbofuran, and infection withNosema pyrausta (Paillot) acted independently in reducing stalk damage by larvalOstrinia nubilalis (Hübner). There were significant interactions of insecticide X days after application for the number and weight of 1st-generation larvae. There also were significant inter-actions of(More)
The growth of Lumbricus terrestris was determined under varying temperatures and soil moisture contents under laboratory conditions. Our objective was to identify the optimum soil moisture or temperature that would aid in the reproduction of L. terrestris for inoculations in areas devoid of this species. A laboratory experiment using different growth(More)