Edwin A Brown

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The RNA genomes of human hepatitis C virus (HCV) and the animal pestiviruses responsible for bovine viral diarrhea (BVDV) and hog cholera (HChV) have relatively lengthy 5' nontranslated regions (5'NTRs) sharing short segments of conserved primary nucleotide sequence. The functions of these 5'NTRs are poorly understood. By comparative sequence analysis and(More)
The initiation of translation on the positive-sense RNA genome of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is directed by an internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) that occupies most of the 341-nt 5' nontranslated RNA (5'NTR). Previous studies indicate that this IRES differs from picornaviral IRESs in that its activity is dependent upon RNA sequence downstream of the(More)
The 5' nontranslated region (5'NTR) of hepatitis A virus (HAV) RNA contains structural elements which facilitate 5' cap-independent initiation of virus translation and are likely to interact with cellular proteins functioning as translation initiation factors. To define these interactions, we characterized the binding of ribosome-associated proteins from(More)
Although the lengthy 5' nontranslated regions (5'NTRs) of other picornaviral RNAs form highly ordered structures with important functions in viral translation, little is known about the 5'NTR of hepatitis A virus (HAV). We determined the nearly complete 5'NTR nucleotide sequences of two genetically divergent HAV strains (PA21 and CF53) and included these(More)
Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is a defective RNA virus which is dependent on hepatitis B virus for essential helper functions. Only a single highly basic phosphoprotein, HDV antigen (HDAg), is expressed by the HDV genome during infection in humans. Antibody directed to HDAg is important in the diagnosis of HDV infection, and it is likely but not yet proven(More)
To characterize in vivo the translational control elements present in the 5' nontranslated region (5'NTR) of hepatitis A virus (HAV) RNA, we created an HAV-permissive monkey kidney cell line (BT7-H) that stably expresses T7 RNA polymerase and carries out cytoplasmic transcription of uncapped RNA from transfected DNA containing the T7 promoter. The presence(More)
PA21, a strain of hepatitis A virus (HAV) recovered from a naturally infected captive owl monkey, is indistinguishable from human HAV in polyclonal radioimmunoassays and cross-neutralization studies. However, cDNA-RNA hybridization has suggested a significant difference at the genomic level between PA21 and a reference human virus, HM175. Further(More)
The lengthy 5' nontranslated region (5'NTR) of hepatitis A virus (HAV) forms a highly ordered secondary structure, which has been suggested to play an important role in controlling viral translation by allowing for translation initiation by internal ribosome entry. To test this hypothesis, synthetic bicistronic RNAs, with all or part of the HAV 5'NTR in the(More)
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL) is a type of lysosomal storage disease resulting in the progressive deterioration of neuronal function. Little is known about the genetics, pathophysiology and biochemical basis of this disease. This is, in part, due to the complexity of the central nervous system and the lack of an in vitro model. In this report, we(More)