Learn More
Congenitally helpless rats have been selectively bred to display an immediate helpless response to stress in order to model hereditary brain differences that contribute to depression vulnerability. Differences in regional brain metabolism between congenitally helpless and non-helpless rats were investigated using quantitative cytochrome oxidase(More)
In this study, we have identified and characterized 5-HT3-like receptors in the rat medial prefrontal cortex (mPFc), an area with a moderate density of 5-HT3 binding sites, using the techniques of single unit recording and microiontophoresis. The microiontophoresis of the 5-HT3 receptor agonist 2-methylserotonin (2-Me-5HT), similar to the action of 5-HT,(More)
In the present study, we investigated the effects of various serotonin (5-HT) antagonists on 5-HT's action on medial prefrontal cortical cells (mPFc) using the techniques of single cell recording and microiontophoresis. The microiontophoretic application of 5-HT (10-80 nA) produced a current-dependent suppression of mPFc cell firing and this effect was(More)
Early in the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, the rat undergoes a stress hyporesponsive period of blunted responses to several stressors including cold exposure (CE) and maternal deprivation (MD). We examined the development of the axis by monitoring adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) plasma levels in an animal model of(More)
In this study, we examined the interaction of 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A receptors in the rat medial prefrontal cortex (mPFc) using the techniques of extracellular single unit recording and microiontophoresis. The iontophoresis of the selective 5-HT1A receptor agonist (+-)-8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetralin (8-OHDPAT) produced a current-dependent suppression(More)
Glucocorticoids (GC) have an important effect on mood in humans and influence learned helplessness, an escape avoidance paradigm that is considered one of the best animal models of depression. A strong genetic component underlies the development of learned helplessness as shown by the emergence of a line of highly vulnerable rats (LH strain) through(More)
During early development, environmental challenges set the stage for permanent changes in the functioning of the pituitary-adrenal stress response. Since these data have been reported almost exclusively in single rat strains the role of phenotypic and genotypic factors in shaping the stress response is relatively unknown. This study examined whether the(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to extremely stressful events can lead to Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Due to the complexity of PTSD, animal models have been designed and advanced to address the role of psychosocial stressors in the etiology; however, the apparent role of genetics in susceptibility to PTSD-like behaviors in animals remains unexplored. (More)
The validity of congenital helplessness as a genetic rat model for human depression was investigated in cortical regions of the rat brain thought to be analogous to those showing abnormalities in human neuroimaging studies. Cortex metabolism was analyzed using quantitative cytochrome oxidase histochemistry. Congenital helpless rats showed changes in frontal(More)
The present experiments examined the role of the serotonergic system in the behavioral deficit produced by uncontrollable shock. In Experiment 1: Establishment of model, the behavioral potential of the Sprague-Dawley rat was defined. When exposed to mild uncontrollable stress such as a 0.8 mA electric footshock, a significant percentage of rats developed a(More)