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Higher levels of hostility, assessed by a Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) scale (Ho), have been associated with the incidence of coronary disease and mortality from coronary disease and other causes in two prospective studies. In this study we examined the relationship between hostility and health status 25 years later in 478 physicians(More)
Recent research indicates that hopelessness is a significant predictor of the persistence of depression in both community and outpatient depressed samples. To further assess the generality of these findings, the present study investigated whether hopelessness (measured by the Beck Hopelessness Scale) would predict persistence of depression (measured by the(More)
Suicidal behavior among Vietnam veterans with chronic Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) was evaluated. Sixty chronic PTSD vets admitted to a Specialized PTSD Unit were divided into two groups based on the presence of suicidal behavior: 29 patients in a Suicide Group and 31 in a Non-suicide Group. Subjects were evaluated on symptoms, psychometric(More)
Utilizing a prospective design, this study addressed the question of whether vulnerability to burnout among physicians is associated with certain longstanding, maladaptive personality tendencies that predate entrance into medical training and subsequent exposure to the intrinsic stresses of medical practice. Subjects were 440 practicing physicians whose(More)
This paper reports the results of a national survey of perceptions of practice and career satisfaction among the first cohorts of residency-trained family physicians. The findings indicate that a large majority of the respondents (n = 876), most of whom had been in practice for only three years or less at the time of the survey in 1979, were well satisfied(More)
Given evidence that individual differences on the cognitive style dimension of field dependence/independence are significantly related to sympathetically mediated cardiovascular functioning and lipid metabolism, a correlational study was designed to examine associations between Type A behavior, field dependence, and serum lipids. It was hypothesized that(More)
The question of whether personality hardiness moderates the impact of job stressors on burnout was studied in 107 registered staff nurses from an urban, community hospital who responded to a self-administered questionnaire. Consistent with previous research, burnout was significantly associated with higher levels of perceived job stress and lower levels of(More)
Given important differences in the Korean conflict and World War II, samples of treatment-seeking combat veterans from these wars (30 Korea, 83 World War II) were compared on the prevalence and severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). With age, ethnicity, and combat exposure taken into account, the Korean veterans reported significantly more severe(More)
Little is known about how individuals who develop chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) cope with recurring trauma memories, or how enduring personality characteristics influence such coping. Focusing on 110 hospitalized Vietnam combat veterans with chronic PTSD, this exploratory study assessed the relative frequency of using eight ways of coping(More)