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The predominant brain cholecystokinin receptor (CCK-B/gastrin) has been implicated in mediating many of the central effects of cholecystokinin, including anxiety, panic attacks, satiety, and analgesia, suggesting it is an important pharmacologic target. We now report the cloning and characterization of the cDNA encoding the human brain CCK-B/gastrin(More)
We have examined the role of transmembrane domain amino acids in conferring subtype-selective ligand affinity to the human cholecystokinin-B (CCK-B)/gastrin receptor. Fifty-eight residues were sequentially replaced by the corresponding amino acids from the pharmacologically distinct CCK-A receptor subtype. 125I-CCK-8 competition binding experiments were(More)
Food intake and body weight are determined by a complex interaction of regulatory pathways. To elucidate the contribution of the endogenous peptide cholecystokinin, mice lacking functional cholecystokinin-A receptors were generated by targeted gene disruption. To explore the role of the cholecystokinin-A receptor in mediating satiety, food intake of(More)
The brain cholecystokinin-B/gastrin receptor (CCK-B/gastrin) has been implicated in mediating anxiety, panic attacks, satiety, and the perception of pain. The canine and human CCK-B/gastrin receptors share 90% amino-acid identity and have similar agonist affinities. These receptors can be selectively blocked by the non-peptide benzodiazepine-based(More)
In mammals, dopamine 2-like receptors are expressed in distinct pathways within the central nervous system, as well as in peripheral tissues. Selected neuronal D2-like receptors play a critical role in modulating locomotor activity and, as such, represent an important therapeutic target (e.g. in Parkinson's disease). Previous studies have established that(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and its cognate receptor play an important physiological role in maintaining blood glucose homeostasis. A GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) polymorphism in which threonine 149 is substituted with a methionine residue has been recently identified in a patient with type 2 diabetes but was not found in non-diabetic control subjects. We(More)
Dopamine is an important neurotransmitter in the central nervous system of both Drosophila and mammals. Despite the evolutionary distance, functional parallels exist between the fly and mammalian dopaminergic systems, with both playing roles in modulating locomotor activity, sexual function, and the response to drugs of abuse. In mammals, dopamine exerts(More)
Gastrin is an important stimulant of acid secretion by gastric parietal cells and is structurally related to the peptide hormone cholecystokinin (CCK). The pharmacologic properties of the parietal cell gastrin receptor are very similar to the predominant CCK receptor in the brain, CCK-B. Neither the gastrin nor the CCK-B receptor have been cloned thus far,(More)
The gene encoding the hormone secretin has been isolated and structurally characterized. The transcriptional unit is divided into four exons spanning 813 nucleotides. Comparison of the rat secretin gene to the other members of the glucagon-secretin gene family reveals that similarities are restricted to the exons encoding the biologically active peptides.(More)