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In mammals, dopamine 2-like receptors are expressed in distinct pathways within the central nervous system, as well as in peripheral tissues. Selected neuronal D2-like receptors play a critical role in modulating locomotor activity and, as such, represent an important therapeutic target (e.g. in Parkinson's disease). Previous studies have established that(More)
The predominant brain cholecystokinin receptor (CCK-B/gastrin) has been implicated in mediating many of the central effects of cholecystokinin, including anxiety, panic attacks, satiety, and analgesia, suggesting it is an important pharmacologic target. We now report the cloning and characterization of the cDNA encoding the human brain CCK-B/gastrin(More)
Dopamine is an important neurotransmitter in the central nervous system of both Drosophila and mammals. Despite the evolutionary distance, functional parallels exist between the fly and mammalian dopaminergic systems, with both playing roles in modulating locomotor activity, sexual function, and the response to drugs of abuse. In mammals, dopamine exerts(More)
The brain cholecystokinin-B/gastrin receptor (CCK-B/gastrin) has been implicated in mediating anxiety, panic attacks, satiety, and the perception of pain. The canine and human CCK-B/gastrin receptors share 90% amino-acid identity and have similar agonist affinities. These receptors can be selectively blocked by the non-peptide benzodiazepine-based(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and its cognate receptor play an important physiological role in maintaining blood glucose homeostasis. A GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) polymorphism in which threonine 149 is substituted with a methionine residue has been recently identified in a patient with type 2 diabetes but was not found in non-diabetic control subjects. We(More)
The Cholecystokinin type 1 and type 2 receptors (CCK-1R and CCK-2R) share >50% amino acid identity, as well as subnanomolar affinity for the endogenous peptide cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8). Although it is likely that these two receptor subtypes share amino acids that confer CCK-8 affinity, it has been difficult to identify such residues. We have(More)
The gastric cholecystokinin-B/gastrin receptor (CCK-BR) is a key regulator of enterochromaffin-like cell function and proliferation. Over the last decade, a number of small non-peptide CCK-BR "antagonists" have been discovered. Here, we demonstrate that some of these non-peptide ligands in fact possess significant ability to activate the human CCK-BR, and(More)
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