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Functional properties of the myocardium are mediated by the tissue structure. Consequently, proper physiological studies and modeling necessitate a precise knowledge of the fiber orientation. Magnetic resonance (MR) diffusion tensor imaging techniques have been used as a nondestructive means to characterize tissue fiber structure; however, the descriptions(More)
Teleost embryos have not been successfully cryopreserved. To formulate successful cryopreservation protocols, the distribution and cellular permeability to water must be understood. In this paper, the zebrafish (Brachydanio rerio) was used as a model for basic studies of the distribution to permeability to water. These embryos are a complex(More)
A precise knowledge of the myocardial fiber architecture is essential to accurately understand and interpret cardiac electrical and mechanical functions. Diffusion tensor imaging has been used to noninvasively and quantitatively characterize myocardial fiber orientations. However, because the approach necessitates diffusion to be measured in multiple(More)
Although promising for visualizing the structure of ordered tissues, MR diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been hampered by long acquisition time and low spatial resolution associated with its inherently low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Moreover, the uncertainty in the DTI measurements has a direct impact on the accuracy of structural renderings such as(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate interpretations of cardiac functions require precise structural models of the myocardium, but the latter is not available always and for all species. Although scaling or substitution of myocardial fiber information from alternate species has been used in cardiac functional modeling, the validity of such practice has not been tested. (More)
MR diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a promising tool for characterizing the microstructure of ordered tissues. However, its practical applications are hampered by relatively low signal-to-noise-ratio and spatial and temporal resolution. Reduced-encoding imaging (REI) via k-space sharing with constrained reconstruction has previously been shown to be(More)
NMR microimages of single neural cells were acquired at 500 MHz using a conventional spin echo pulse sequence and a line-narrowing sequence that eliminates susceptibility effects. The data show that any contribution to the measured T2 relaxation rate arising from diffusion in local field inhomogeneities using spin echo sequences at high fields and high(More)
Non-invasive imaging techniques are highly desirable as an alternative to conventional biopsy for the characterization of the remodeling of tissues associated with disease progression, including end-stage heart failure. Cardiac diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has become an established method for the characterization of myocardial microstructure. However, the(More)
Rights and Permissions The material in this publication is copyrighted. Quoting, copying, and/or reproducing portions or all of this work is permitted provided the following citation is used: Jenkins, Beth and Eriko Ishikawa (2010). " Scaling Up Inclusive Business: Advancing the Knowledge and Action Agenda. " Washington, DC: International Finance(More)