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A precise knowledge of the myocardial fiber architecture is essential to accurately understand and interpret cardiac electrical and mechanical functions. Diffusion tensor imaging has been used to noninvasively and quantitatively characterize myocardial fiber orientations. However, because the approach necessitates diffusion to be measured in multiple(More)
Although promising for visualizing the structure of ordered tissues, MR diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been hampered by long acquisition time and low spatial resolution associated with its inherently low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Moreover, the uncertainty in the DTI measurements has a direct impact on the accuracy of structural renderings such as(More)
MR diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a promising tool for characterizing the microstructure of ordered tissues. However, its practical applications are hampered by relatively low signal-to-noise-ratio and spatial and temporal resolution. Reduced-encoding imaging (REI) via k-space sharing with constrained reconstruction has previously been shown to be(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate interpretations of cardiac functions require precise structural models of the myocardium, but the latter is not available always and for all species. Although scaling or substitution of myocardial fiber information from alternate species has been used in cardiac functional modeling, the validity of such practice has not been tested. (More)
NMR microimages of single neural cells were acquired at 500 MHz using a conventional spin echo pulse sequence and a line-narrowing sequence that eliminates susceptibility effects. The data show that any contribution to the measured T2 relaxation rate arising from diffusion in local field inhomogeneities using spin echo sequences at high fields and high(More)
Rights and Permissions The material in this publication is copyrighted. Quoting, copying, and/or reproducing portions or all of this work is permitted provided the following citation is used: Jenkins, Beth and Eriko Ishikawa (2010). " Scaling Up Inclusive Business: Advancing the Knowledge and Action Agenda. " Washington, DC: International Finance(More)
NMR measurements of anisotropic diffusion were studied using a three-dimensional random-walk model. It was found that the apparent diffusion coefficient can be expressed in a canonical form as the product of a diagonal matrix, an orthonormal rotation matrix, and a vector representing the encoding magnetic field gradient. The diffusion coefficient can be(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging is a variation of magnetic resonance imaging that measures the diffusion of water in tissues. This can help measure and quantify a tissue's orientation and structure, making it an ideal tool for examining cerebral white matter and neural fiber tracts. It is only beginning to be utilized in psychiatric research. This article reviews(More)