Based on existing data and previous work, a series of studies is proposed as a basis toward a pragmatic early step in transforming toxicity testing. These studies were assembled into a data-driven framework that invokes successive tiers of testing with margin of exposure (MOE) as the primary metric. The first tier of the framework integrates data from… (More)
This study used an MCF-7 cell based ER-alpha reporter gene assay to assess chemical interactions within the following ternary mixtures: (1) three synthetic pesticides, methoxychlor (MXC), o,p-DDT, and dieldrin; (2) three polyaromatic hydrocarbons, benzo[a]pyrene (BAP), 1,2-benzanthracene (BENZ), and chrysene (CHRY); and (3) an endogenous estrogen,… (More)
Assessing for interactions among chemicals in a mixture involves the comparison of actual mixture responses to those predicted under the assumption of zero interaction (additivity), based on individual chemical dose-response data. However, current statistical methods do not adequately account for differences in the shapes of the dose-response curves of the… (More)
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